The interest of non-Saccharomyces yeasts in wine fermentation increased constantly in last years. This study reports for the first time the enological potential of two strains Starmerella lactis-condensi MN412 and Candida oleophila YS209. In an innovative way, these strains were used in winemaking to improve floral and fruity aroma of Frappato red wine, which has not been explored. The enological performances of the two non-Saccharomyces strains were compared to a wine strain of Starmerella bacillaris, namely Cz3, previously characterized in winemaking conditions. In these three cases, the non-Saccharomyces strain was sequentially inoculated with S. cerevisiae wine strain NF213, used as control. The St. lactis-condensi MN412 was isolated from Sicilian manna, a sugar-rich matrix, extracted from Fraxinus angustifolia trees (Oleaceae). The strain C. oleophila YS209 was isolated from honey by-products. Microbiological counts showed the ability of MN412 and YS209 to maintain high counts up to 6 days of alcoholic fermentation. Regarding chemical parameters, Cz3 showed the highest glycerol production. Analysis of VOCs revealed that the trials with non-Saccharomyces yeasts were characterized by a higher concentration of esters that contributed positively to the fruity aroma of the wines. The sensory analysis confirmed that the use of MN412 and YS209 impacted positively the final wines in terms of fruity and floral intensity, respectively, while did not generate sensory defects. In conclusion, non-conventional yeasts represent strategy to improve floral-fruity freshness of wine aroma and sugar-rich matrices such as manna ash and honey might represent novel ecological niches as source of potential oenological yeast.

Francesca N., Naselli V., Prestianni R., Pirrone A., Viola E., Guzzon R., et al. (2024). Impact of two new non-conventional yeasts, Candida oleophila and Starmerella lactis-condensi, isolated from sugar-rich substrates, on Frappato wine aroma. FOOD BIOSCIENCE, 57 [10.1016/j.fbio.2023.103500].

Impact of two new non-conventional yeasts, Candida oleophila and Starmerella lactis-condensi, isolated from sugar-rich substrates, on Frappato wine aroma

Francesca N.;Naselli V.;Prestianni R.;Pirrone A.;Viola E.;Settanni L.;Maggio A.;Vaglica A.;Bruno M.;Gristina L.;Oliva D.;Alfonzo A.
;
Moschetti G.
2024-01-01

Abstract

The interest of non-Saccharomyces yeasts in wine fermentation increased constantly in last years. This study reports for the first time the enological potential of two strains Starmerella lactis-condensi MN412 and Candida oleophila YS209. In an innovative way, these strains were used in winemaking to improve floral and fruity aroma of Frappato red wine, which has not been explored. The enological performances of the two non-Saccharomyces strains were compared to a wine strain of Starmerella bacillaris, namely Cz3, previously characterized in winemaking conditions. In these three cases, the non-Saccharomyces strain was sequentially inoculated with S. cerevisiae wine strain NF213, used as control. The St. lactis-condensi MN412 was isolated from Sicilian manna, a sugar-rich matrix, extracted from Fraxinus angustifolia trees (Oleaceae). The strain C. oleophila YS209 was isolated from honey by-products. Microbiological counts showed the ability of MN412 and YS209 to maintain high counts up to 6 days of alcoholic fermentation. Regarding chemical parameters, Cz3 showed the highest glycerol production. Analysis of VOCs revealed that the trials with non-Saccharomyces yeasts were characterized by a higher concentration of esters that contributed positively to the fruity aroma of the wines. The sensory analysis confirmed that the use of MN412 and YS209 impacted positively the final wines in terms of fruity and floral intensity, respectively, while did not generate sensory defects. In conclusion, non-conventional yeasts represent strategy to improve floral-fruity freshness of wine aroma and sugar-rich matrices such as manna ash and honey might represent novel ecological niches as source of potential oenological yeast.
2024
Francesca N., Naselli V., Prestianni R., Pirrone A., Viola E., Guzzon R., et al. (2024). Impact of two new non-conventional yeasts, Candida oleophila and Starmerella lactis-condensi, isolated from sugar-rich substrates, on Frappato wine aroma. FOOD BIOSCIENCE, 57 [10.1016/j.fbio.2023.103500].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/621409
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