This contribution concerns the relationship between the hydrogeological and archaeological characteristics of Solunt and Tindari (North Sicily), within the framework of the Watertraces project. The two cities face the Tyrrhenian Sea, on the northern coast of Sicily, are characterised by a relatively recent urban history compared to other Greek or Phoenician cities, being founded in the 4th century BC. The Hellenistic-Roman city of Solunt was moved from the promontory of Solanto to Mount Catalfano after the devastation of the first in 397 BC. The new position of the habitat offered advantageous defensive conditions and allowed it to control a vast territory, from the Gulf of Palermo to the Gulf of Termini and the hinterland. The steep slopes of Mount Catalfano did not prevent the inhabitants realising a regular urban network. Considering the hydrogeological characteristics of the mountain, the rise of hydrothermal waters along fracking planes led to the formation of small surges which were used by the inhabitants and whose waters were collected through tanks and basins. In this way, the city could benefit from a double supply of water: precipitation and natural rises. Tindari is also located on a cliff overlooking the sea. The site was founded at the beginning of the 4th century BC. The city soon became an important commercial centre due to its advantageous geographical location. As for Solunt, the orographic features provided an important natural defence of the site, reinforced by powerful ramparts embracing the contour lines. The discovery of travertine formations close to a cistern underlines, as in Solunt, the importance of the hydrogeological context, here characterised by karst exes whose waters served the city and more probably the public area. In Solunt and Tindari, the hydrothermal and karstic springs are now dry. This could be related to a seismic event described in the ancient sources. We know in fact that the city of Tindari was shaken by several earthquakes during its history. One of them is reported to us by Pliny and dates back to the 1st century BC. Another one would have caused several devastations in the city during the late period. Ongoing analyses at the archaeological, geomorphological, hydrogeological and palaeosimological levels, coupled with geochronology and isotopic water geochemistry, little by little, we discover the history of the water supply and management of these two key cities of the Hellenistic-Roman Sicilian world.

Giovanni Polizzi, Vincent Ollivier, Ollivier Bellier, Edwige Pons-Branchu, Michel Fontugne (2022). Archaeology and Hydrogeology in Sicily: Solunt and Tindari. In G. Polizzi, V. Ollivier, S. Bouffier (a cura di), From Hydrology to Hydroarchaeology in the Ancient Mediterranean (pp. 102-126). Oxford : Archaeopress Publishing Ltd.

Archaeology and Hydrogeology in Sicily: Solunt and Tindari

Giovanni Polizzi
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

This contribution concerns the relationship between the hydrogeological and archaeological characteristics of Solunt and Tindari (North Sicily), within the framework of the Watertraces project. The two cities face the Tyrrhenian Sea, on the northern coast of Sicily, are characterised by a relatively recent urban history compared to other Greek or Phoenician cities, being founded in the 4th century BC. The Hellenistic-Roman city of Solunt was moved from the promontory of Solanto to Mount Catalfano after the devastation of the first in 397 BC. The new position of the habitat offered advantageous defensive conditions and allowed it to control a vast territory, from the Gulf of Palermo to the Gulf of Termini and the hinterland. The steep slopes of Mount Catalfano did not prevent the inhabitants realising a regular urban network. Considering the hydrogeological characteristics of the mountain, the rise of hydrothermal waters along fracking planes led to the formation of small surges which were used by the inhabitants and whose waters were collected through tanks and basins. In this way, the city could benefit from a double supply of water: precipitation and natural rises. Tindari is also located on a cliff overlooking the sea. The site was founded at the beginning of the 4th century BC. The city soon became an important commercial centre due to its advantageous geographical location. As for Solunt, the orographic features provided an important natural defence of the site, reinforced by powerful ramparts embracing the contour lines. The discovery of travertine formations close to a cistern underlines, as in Solunt, the importance of the hydrogeological context, here characterised by karst exes whose waters served the city and more probably the public area. In Solunt and Tindari, the hydrothermal and karstic springs are now dry. This could be related to a seismic event described in the ancient sources. We know in fact that the city of Tindari was shaken by several earthquakes during its history. One of them is reported to us by Pliny and dates back to the 1st century BC. Another one would have caused several devastations in the city during the late period. Ongoing analyses at the archaeological, geomorphological, hydrogeological and palaeosimological levels, coupled with geochronology and isotopic water geochemistry, little by little, we discover the history of the water supply and management of these two key cities of the Hellenistic-Roman Sicilian world.
2022
Settore L-ANT/10 - Metodologie Della Ricerca Archeologica
9781803273747
https://www.academia.edu/91502054/From_Hydrology_to_Hydroarchaeology_in_the_Ancient_Mediterranean?uc-sb-sw=11734753
Giovanni Polizzi, Vincent Ollivier, Ollivier Bellier, Edwige Pons-Branchu, Michel Fontugne (2022). Archaeology and Hydrogeology in Sicily: Solunt and Tindari. In G. Polizzi, V. Ollivier, S. Bouffier (a cura di), From Hydrology to Hydroarchaeology in the Ancient Mediterranean (pp. 102-126). Oxford : Archaeopress Publishing Ltd.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Polizzi+et+alii+2022 (1)-1-12.pdf

Solo gestori archvio

Descrizione: Articolo principale, prime 12 pag.
Tipologia: Versione Editoriale
Dimensione 8.79 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
8.79 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Polizzi+et+alii+2022 (1)-13-27_compressed.pdf

Solo gestori archvio

Descrizione: Articolo principale, ultima parte
Tipologia: Versione Editoriale
Dimensione 6.29 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
6.29 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/621311
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact