The fetal alcohol spectrum disorders is a group of conditions related with the prenatal exposure to alcohol. Affected subjects may manifest a wide variety of birth defects (growth retardation, craniofacial dysmorphisms, malformations) and neurodevelopmental impairments (cognitive, speech, memory, and learning disorders). Such anomalies have, as secondary effects, an increased risk of adverse social (school dropout, increased frequency of crimes, reduced ability to work and independent living) and clinical (psychiatric diseases, substances/drugs addiction) outcomes, whose impact could be limited by early diagnosis and treatment. The global prevalence is currently estimated at 7.7 per 1000 children and young adults (range 4.9-11.7 per 1000), but the rate is 10 to 40 times higher in at risk population groups (prisons, foster homes). The lack of biological markers or objective tests for the FASD diagnosis explains the use of clinical based diagnostic guidelines. Despite a widespread and strong awareness of FASD as a distinct clinical entity, no globally standardized diagnostic criteria are available until now. Accurate and timely diagnosis is necessary to provide the most suitable treatment aimed at improving patients’ and families’ health outcomes, as well as to adequately address scientific research and preventive strategies. The review here reported has been conducted analyzing the most recent studies, and is proposed as guide and compendium of the main aspects which the pediatrician today has to know for correct diagnosis and adequate management of patients.

Gregorio Serra, Giovanni Corsello (2023). Lo spettro dei disordini feto-alcolici: una guida per il pediatra. MEDICO E BAMBINO.

Lo spettro dei disordini feto-alcolici: una guida per il pediatra

Gregorio Serra
Primo
;
Giovanni Corsello
Ultimo
2023-10-01

Abstract

The fetal alcohol spectrum disorders is a group of conditions related with the prenatal exposure to alcohol. Affected subjects may manifest a wide variety of birth defects (growth retardation, craniofacial dysmorphisms, malformations) and neurodevelopmental impairments (cognitive, speech, memory, and learning disorders). Such anomalies have, as secondary effects, an increased risk of adverse social (school dropout, increased frequency of crimes, reduced ability to work and independent living) and clinical (psychiatric diseases, substances/drugs addiction) outcomes, whose impact could be limited by early diagnosis and treatment. The global prevalence is currently estimated at 7.7 per 1000 children and young adults (range 4.9-11.7 per 1000), but the rate is 10 to 40 times higher in at risk population groups (prisons, foster homes). The lack of biological markers or objective tests for the FASD diagnosis explains the use of clinical based diagnostic guidelines. Despite a widespread and strong awareness of FASD as a distinct clinical entity, no globally standardized diagnostic criteria are available until now. Accurate and timely diagnosis is necessary to provide the most suitable treatment aimed at improving patients’ and families’ health outcomes, as well as to adequately address scientific research and preventive strategies. The review here reported has been conducted analyzing the most recent studies, and is proposed as guide and compendium of the main aspects which the pediatrician today has to know for correct diagnosis and adequate management of patients.
ott-2023
Gregorio Serra, Giovanni Corsello (2023). Lo spettro dei disordini feto-alcolici: una guida per il pediatra. MEDICO E BAMBINO.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/617735
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