BACKGROUND: In order to reach good fruit quality, apricots require a balance of sugars and acids as well as a strong apricot aroma. In this study, fruit quality of early, intermediate and late apricot cultivars was evaluated by measuring physical, chemical and olfactory attributes. Multivariate analysis of quality and aroma attributes was used to identify groups of similar cultivars and association with ripening season. RESULTS: Physical, chemical and aromatic attributes showed great variation amongcultivars but no relation to ripening season. Aromatic profiles (34 volatiles) of fruit tissues indicated qualitative and quantitative differences among cultivars. Ninfa and Mandorlon were richest in aroma, with a prevailing fruity component; Goldrich and Orange Red were also highly aromatic, with all odour components well represented; Pinkot, Alba and Pellecchiella were lowest in aroma, with a prevailing grassy component. Linear functions including five volatiles (concentrations) and fruit diameter or six aromatic compounds (odour units) and peel colour were found to discriminate cultivars by ripening season. Principal component analysis individuated three groupsof cultivars: NinfaandMandorlonwith sweetandfruity-flavouredfruits;Bulida, Alba,Goldrich,OuardyandSilvercotwith large, acidic andwell-coloured fruits; and Fracasso, Pellecchiella, Palummella and Pinkotwith small and floral/grassy-flavoured fruits. CONCLUSION: In apricot, detailed analysis of the aromatic profile may represent an efficient tool for classification of genotypes by ripening season, and volatiles with relevant odour contribution may serve as quality markers for selecting towards an extended ripening season of best quality apricots.

Lo Bianco, R., Farina, V., Indelicato, S., Filizzola, F., Agozzino, P. (2010). Fruit physical, chemical and aromatic attributes of early, intermediate and late apricot cultivars. JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE, 90, 1008-1019 [DOI 10.1002/jsfa.3910].

Fruit physical, chemical and aromatic attributes of early, intermediate and late apricot cultivars

LO BIANCO, Riccardo;FARINA, Vittorio;INDELICATO, Sergio;FILIZZOLA, Felice;AGOZZINO, Pasquale
2010-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In order to reach good fruit quality, apricots require a balance of sugars and acids as well as a strong apricot aroma. In this study, fruit quality of early, intermediate and late apricot cultivars was evaluated by measuring physical, chemical and olfactory attributes. Multivariate analysis of quality and aroma attributes was used to identify groups of similar cultivars and association with ripening season. RESULTS: Physical, chemical and aromatic attributes showed great variation amongcultivars but no relation to ripening season. Aromatic profiles (34 volatiles) of fruit tissues indicated qualitative and quantitative differences among cultivars. Ninfa and Mandorlon were richest in aroma, with a prevailing fruity component; Goldrich and Orange Red were also highly aromatic, with all odour components well represented; Pinkot, Alba and Pellecchiella were lowest in aroma, with a prevailing grassy component. Linear functions including five volatiles (concentrations) and fruit diameter or six aromatic compounds (odour units) and peel colour were found to discriminate cultivars by ripening season. Principal component analysis individuated three groupsof cultivars: NinfaandMandorlonwith sweetandfruity-flavouredfruits;Bulida, Alba,Goldrich,OuardyandSilvercotwith large, acidic andwell-coloured fruits; and Fracasso, Pellecchiella, Palummella and Pinkotwith small and floral/grassy-flavoured fruits. CONCLUSION: In apricot, detailed analysis of the aromatic profile may represent an efficient tool for classification of genotypes by ripening season, and volatiles with relevant odour contribution may serve as quality markers for selecting towards an extended ripening season of best quality apricots.
2010
Settore AGR/03 - Arboricoltura Generale E Coltivazioni Arboree
Settore CHIM/10 - Chimica Degli Alimenti
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jsfa.3910/pdf
Lo Bianco, R., Farina, V., Indelicato, S., Filizzola, F., Agozzino, P. (2010). Fruit physical, chemical and aromatic attributes of early, intermediate and late apricot cultivars. JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE, 90, 1008-1019 [DOI 10.1002/jsfa.3910].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/54512
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