GII.4 and GIIb/Hilversum norovirus (NoV) strains appear to have a prominent epidemiological role in outbreaks or sporadic cases of human gastroenteritis. Sequence analysis, although laborious, is the reference method used for characterization of noroviruses. In this study a screening test is proposed to characterize GIIb and GII.4 NoVs based on restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of amplicons obtained from the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) region. Virtual analysis of 793 RdRp sequences of GGI and GGII NoVs, retrieved from GenBank, and representative of global geographical origins on a long-time period, permitted the selection of four restriction enzymes, XmnI, AhdI, BstXI, and AcuI, suitable for correct identification of GIIb and GII.4 NoV genotypes. Experimental analysis by the RT-PCR RFLP analysis of 41 NoV strains detected in Palermo during the years 2002–2005 allowed to recognize all the Italian strains as belonging to GIIb/Hilversum or GII.4, and sequence analysis confirmed these results. The PCR-RFLP protocol developed in this study proved to be a simple and reliable proxy for sequence-based classification of the GIIb/Hilversum and GII.4 NoV variants displaying high specificity (100%) and sensitivity (94%).
Ramirez, S., Giammanco, G., DE GRAZIA, S., Colomba, C., Martella, V., & Arista, S. (2008). Genotyping of GII.4 and GIIb norovirus RT-PCR amplicons by RFLP analysis. JOURNAL OF VIROLOGICAL METHODS, 147, 250-256.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Titolo:||Genotyping of GII.4 and GIIb norovirus RT-PCR amplicons by RFLP analysis|
|Citazione:||Ramirez, S., Giammanco, G., DE GRAZIA, S., Colomba, C., Martella, V., & Arista, S. (2008). Genotyping of GII.4 and GIIb norovirus RT-PCR amplicons by RFLP analysis. JOURNAL OF VIROLOGICAL METHODS, 147, 250-256.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jviromet.2007.09.005|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia E Microbiologia Clinica|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.01 Articolo in rivista|