We sequenced the genomes of a 7,000-year-old farmer from Germany and eight 8,000-year-old hunter-gatherers fromLuxembourg and Sweden. We analysed these and other ancient genomes with 2,345 contemporaryhumansto show that most present-dayEuropeans derive from at least three highly differentiated populations:westEuropean hunter-gatherers,who contributed ancestry to all Europeans but not toNearEasterners; ancient north Eurasians related toUpper Palaeolithic Siberians, who contributed to both Europeans and Near Easterners; and early European farmers, who were mainly of Near Eastern origin but also harboured west European hunter-gatherer related ancestry.Wemodel these populations’ deep relationships and show that early European farmers had 44% ancestry from a ‘basal Eurasian’ population that split before the diversification of other non-African lineages.

Lazaridis, I., Patterson, P., Mittnik, A., Renaud, G., Mallick, S., Kirsanow, K., et al. (2014). Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans. NATURE, 513(7518), 409-413 [10.1038/nature13673].

Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans

ROMANO, Valentino;
2014

Abstract

We sequenced the genomes of a 7,000-year-old farmer from Germany and eight 8,000-year-old hunter-gatherers fromLuxembourg and Sweden. We analysed these and other ancient genomes with 2,345 contemporaryhumansto show that most present-dayEuropeans derive from at least three highly differentiated populations:westEuropean hunter-gatherers,who contributed ancestry to all Europeans but not toNearEasterners; ancient north Eurasians related toUpper Palaeolithic Siberians, who contributed to both Europeans and Near Easterners; and early European farmers, who were mainly of Near Eastern origin but also harboured west European hunter-gatherer related ancestry.Wemodel these populations’ deep relationships and show that early European farmers had 44% ancestry from a ‘basal Eurasian’ population that split before the diversification of other non-African lineages.
Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata
Lazaridis, I., Patterson, P., Mittnik, A., Renaud, G., Mallick, S., Kirsanow, K., et al. (2014). Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans. NATURE, 513(7518), 409-413 [10.1038/nature13673].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/98881
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