Background: Radio-frequency ablation (RFA) has been employed in the treatment of Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) early stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) as curative treatments. Aim: To assess the effectiveness and the safety of RFA in patients with early HCC and compensated cirrhosis. Methods: A cohort of 151 consecutive patients with early stage HCC (122 Child-Pugh class A and 29 class B patients) treated with RFA were enrolled. Clinical, laboratory and radiological follow-up data were collected from the time of first RFA. A single lesion was observed in 113/151 (74.8%), two lesions in 32/151 (21.2%), and three lesions in 6/151 (4%) of patients. Results: The overall survival rates were 94%, 80%, 64%, 49%, and 41% at 12, 24, 36, 48 and 60 months, respectively. Complete response (CR) at 1 month (p,0.0001) and serum albumin levels (p = 0.0004) were the only variables indipendently linked to survival by multivariate Cox model. By multivariate analysis, tumor size (p = 0.01) is the only variable associated with an increased likehood of CR. The proportion of major complications after treatment was 4%. Conclusions: RFA is safe and effective for managing HCC with cirrhosis, especially for patients with HCC #3 cm and higher baseline albumin levels. Complete response after RFA significantly increases survival.

Cabibbo, G., Maida, M., Genco, C., Alessi, N., Peralta, M., Butera, G., et al. (2013). Survival of Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) Treated by Percutaneous Radio-Frequency Ablation (RFA) Is Affected by Complete Radiological Response. PLOS ONE, 8 [10.1371/journal.pone.0070016].

Survival of Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) Treated by Percutaneous Radio-Frequency Ablation (RFA) Is Affected by Complete Radiological Response

CABIBBO, Giuseppe;MAIDA, Marcello Fabio;GENCO, Chiara;BUTERA, Giuseppe;GALIA, Massimo;BRANCATELLI, Giuseppe;RAINERI, Santi Maurizio;GIARRATANO, Antonino;MIDIRI, Massimo;DI MARCO, Vito;CRAXI, Antonio;CAMMA', Calogero
2013

Abstract

Background: Radio-frequency ablation (RFA) has been employed in the treatment of Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) early stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) as curative treatments. Aim: To assess the effectiveness and the safety of RFA in patients with early HCC and compensated cirrhosis. Methods: A cohort of 151 consecutive patients with early stage HCC (122 Child-Pugh class A and 29 class B patients) treated with RFA were enrolled. Clinical, laboratory and radiological follow-up data were collected from the time of first RFA. A single lesion was observed in 113/151 (74.8%), two lesions in 32/151 (21.2%), and three lesions in 6/151 (4%) of patients. Results: The overall survival rates were 94%, 80%, 64%, 49%, and 41% at 12, 24, 36, 48 and 60 months, respectively. Complete response (CR) at 1 month (p,0.0001) and serum albumin levels (p = 0.0004) were the only variables indipendently linked to survival by multivariate Cox model. By multivariate analysis, tumor size (p = 0.01) is the only variable associated with an increased likehood of CR. The proportion of major complications after treatment was 4%. Conclusions: RFA is safe and effective for managing HCC with cirrhosis, especially for patients with HCC #3 cm and higher baseline albumin levels. Complete response after RFA significantly increases survival.
Cabibbo, G., Maida, M., Genco, C., Alessi, N., Peralta, M., Butera, G., et al. (2013). Survival of Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) Treated by Percutaneous Radio-Frequency Ablation (RFA) Is Affected by Complete Radiological Response. PLOS ONE, 8 [10.1371/journal.pone.0070016].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/82083
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