Vegetables, cereals and fruit are foods rich in fibre with beneficial and nutritional effects as their consumption reduces the onset of degenerative diseases, especially cardiovascular ones. Among fibres, inulin, oligofructose or fructooligosaccharide (FOS) are the best-studied. Inulin is a generic term to cover all linear beta(2-1) fructans, with a variable degree of polymerization. In this review a better understanding of the importance of the degree of polymerization of inulin as a dietary fibre, functions, health benefits, classifications, types and its applications in the food industry was considered in different fortified foods. Inulin has been used to increase the nutritional and healthy properties of the product as a sweetener and as a substitute for fats and carbohydrates, improving the nutritional value and decreasing the glycemic index, with the advantage of not compromising taste and consistency of the product. Bifidogenic and prebiotic effects of inulin have been well established, inulin-type fructans are fermented by the colon to produce short-chain fatty acids, with important local and systemic actions. Addition of inulin with different degrees of polymerization to daily foods for the production of fortified pasta and bread was reviewed, and the impact on sensorial, technological and organoleptic characteristics even of glutenfree bread was also reported.

Melilli M.G., Buzzanca C., Di Stefano V. (2024). Quality characteristics of cereal-based foods enriched with different degree of polymerization inulin: A review. CARBOHYDRATE POLYMERS, 332 [10.1016/j.carbpol.2024.121918].

Quality characteristics of cereal-based foods enriched with different degree of polymerization inulin: A review

Buzzanca C.
;
Di Stefano V.
2024-02-06

Abstract

Vegetables, cereals and fruit are foods rich in fibre with beneficial and nutritional effects as their consumption reduces the onset of degenerative diseases, especially cardiovascular ones. Among fibres, inulin, oligofructose or fructooligosaccharide (FOS) are the best-studied. Inulin is a generic term to cover all linear beta(2-1) fructans, with a variable degree of polymerization. In this review a better understanding of the importance of the degree of polymerization of inulin as a dietary fibre, functions, health benefits, classifications, types and its applications in the food industry was considered in different fortified foods. Inulin has been used to increase the nutritional and healthy properties of the product as a sweetener and as a substitute for fats and carbohydrates, improving the nutritional value and decreasing the glycemic index, with the advantage of not compromising taste and consistency of the product. Bifidogenic and prebiotic effects of inulin have been well established, inulin-type fructans are fermented by the colon to produce short-chain fatty acids, with important local and systemic actions. Addition of inulin with different degrees of polymerization to daily foods for the production of fortified pasta and bread was reviewed, and the impact on sensorial, technological and organoleptic characteristics even of glutenfree bread was also reported.
6-feb-2024
Settore CHIM/10 - Chimica Degli Alimenti
Melilli M.G., Buzzanca C., Di Stefano V. (2024). Quality characteristics of cereal-based foods enriched with different degree of polymerization inulin: A review. CARBOHYDRATE POLYMERS, 332 [10.1016/j.carbpol.2024.121918].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/639496
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