: Asbestosis is an interstitial lung disease caused by the inhalation of asbestos fibers and poses a significant risk to individuals working in construction, shipping, mining, and related industries. In a forensic context, postmortem investigations are crucial for accurate diagnosis, for which the gold standard is the histopathological examination. This case report describes the autopsy and related investigations conducted on an 84-year-old man, nearly one year (357 days) after his death. After a post-mortem CT scan, an autoptic investigation was performed, followed by histopathological, immunohistochemical, and scanning electron microscopy examinations. The integration of the evidence from these examinations with previously available personal and clinical information conclusively confirmed the diagnosis of asbestosis. We demonstrated the efficacy and reliability of our diagnostic protocol in detecting asbestosis and asbestos fibers and excluding mesothelioma even in decomposed tissues. According to our findings autopsy remains the diagnostic gold standard in cases of suspected asbestosis within a forensic context, even 1 year after death, therefore it is always highly recommended, even in cases where the body has decomposed.

Albano, G.D., Rodolico, V., Di Franco, S., Re, G.L., Midiri, M., Malta, G., et al. (2024). Asbestos exposure determined 357 days after death through autopsy: a report of a multidisciplinary approach. FORENSIC SCIENCE, MEDICINE AND PATHOLOGY [10.1007/s12024-024-00838-z].

Asbestos exposure determined 357 days after death through autopsy: a report of a multidisciplinary approach

Albano, Giuseppe Davide
Primo
;
Rodolico, Vito;Midiri, Mauro;Malta, Ginevra;Argo, Antonina;Zerbo, Stefania
Ultimo
2024-05-28

Abstract

: Asbestosis is an interstitial lung disease caused by the inhalation of asbestos fibers and poses a significant risk to individuals working in construction, shipping, mining, and related industries. In a forensic context, postmortem investigations are crucial for accurate diagnosis, for which the gold standard is the histopathological examination. This case report describes the autopsy and related investigations conducted on an 84-year-old man, nearly one year (357 days) after his death. After a post-mortem CT scan, an autoptic investigation was performed, followed by histopathological, immunohistochemical, and scanning electron microscopy examinations. The integration of the evidence from these examinations with previously available personal and clinical information conclusively confirmed the diagnosis of asbestosis. We demonstrated the efficacy and reliability of our diagnostic protocol in detecting asbestosis and asbestos fibers and excluding mesothelioma even in decomposed tissues. According to our findings autopsy remains the diagnostic gold standard in cases of suspected asbestosis within a forensic context, even 1 year after death, therefore it is always highly recommended, even in cases where the body has decomposed.
28-mag-2024
Settore MED/43 - Medicina Legale
Albano, G.D., Rodolico, V., Di Franco, S., Re, G.L., Midiri, M., Malta, G., et al. (2024). Asbestos exposure determined 357 days after death through autopsy: a report of a multidisciplinary approach. FORENSIC SCIENCE, MEDICINE AND PATHOLOGY [10.1007/s12024-024-00838-z].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/638836
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