Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) can occur in both rapid eye movement (REM) and non-REM sleep or be limited to REM sleep, when the upper airway is most prone to collapse due to REM sleep atonia. Respiratory events are usually longer and more desaturating in REM than in NREM sleep. The prevalence of REM OSA is higher in women than in men and REM OSA usually occurs in the context of mild– moderate OSA based on the apnoea–hypopnoea index calculated for the entire sleep study. Studies have highlighted some detrimental consequences of REM OSA; for example, its frequent association with systemic hypertension and a degree of excessive daytime sleepiness similar to that found in nonsleep-stage-dependent OSA. Moreover, REM OSA could increase cardiometabolic risk. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment aimed at preventing REM OSA should be longer than the 4 h usually considered as good compliance, since REM sleep occurs mostly during the second half of the night. Unfortunately, patients with REM OSA show poor adherence to CPAP. Alternative non-CPAP treatments might be a good choice for REM OSA, but data are lacking. This review summarises the available data on REM OSA and critically examines the weaknesses and strengths of existing literature.

Bonsignore M.R., Mazzuca E., Baiamonte P., Bouckaert B., Verbeke W., Pevernagie D.A. (2024). REM sleep obstructive sleep apnoea. EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY REVIEW, 33(171) [10.1183/16000617.0166-2023].

REM sleep obstructive sleep apnoea

Bonsignore M. R.;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) can occur in both rapid eye movement (REM) and non-REM sleep or be limited to REM sleep, when the upper airway is most prone to collapse due to REM sleep atonia. Respiratory events are usually longer and more desaturating in REM than in NREM sleep. The prevalence of REM OSA is higher in women than in men and REM OSA usually occurs in the context of mild– moderate OSA based on the apnoea–hypopnoea index calculated for the entire sleep study. Studies have highlighted some detrimental consequences of REM OSA; for example, its frequent association with systemic hypertension and a degree of excessive daytime sleepiness similar to that found in nonsleep-stage-dependent OSA. Moreover, REM OSA could increase cardiometabolic risk. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment aimed at preventing REM OSA should be longer than the 4 h usually considered as good compliance, since REM sleep occurs mostly during the second half of the night. Unfortunately, patients with REM OSA show poor adherence to CPAP. Alternative non-CPAP treatments might be a good choice for REM OSA, but data are lacking. This review summarises the available data on REM OSA and critically examines the weaknesses and strengths of existing literature.
2024
Settore MED/10 - Malattie Dell'Apparato Respiratorio
Sleep and Breathing
Prague
20-22 Aprile 2023
Bonsignore M.R., Mazzuca E., Baiamonte P., Bouckaert B., Verbeke W., Pevernagie D.A. (2024). REM sleep obstructive sleep apnoea. EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY REVIEW, 33(171) [10.1183/16000617.0166-2023].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/638356
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