Climate change significantly impacts marine ecosystems worldwide, leading to alterations in the composition and structure of marine communities. In this study, we aim to explore the effects of temperature on demersal fish communities in the Central Mediterranean Sea, using data collected from a standardized monitoring program over 23 years. Computationally efficient Bayesian inference is performed using the integrated nested Laplace approximation and the stochastic partial differential equation approach to model the spatial and temporal dynamics of the fish communities. We focused on the mean temperature of the catch (MTC) as an indicator of the response of fish communities to changes in temperature. Our results showed that MTC decreased significantly with increasing depth, indicating that deeper fish communities may be composed of colder affinity species, more vulnerable to future warming. We also found that MTC had a step-wise rather than linear increase with increasing water temperature, suggesting that fish communities may be able to adapt to gradual changes in temperature up to a certain threshold before undergoing abrupt changes. Our findings highlight the importance of considering the non-linear dynamics of fish communities when assessing the impacts of temperature on marine ecosystems and provide important insights into the potential impacts of climate change on demersal fish communities in the Central Mediterranean Sea.

Rubino, C., Adelfio, G., Abbruzzo, A., Bosch-Belmar, M., Lorenzo, M.D., Fiorentino, F., et al. (2024). Exploring the effects of temperature on demersal fish communities in the Central Mediterranean Sea using INLA-SPDE modeling approach. ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECOLOGICAL STATISTICS [10.1007/s10651-024-00609-7].

Exploring the effects of temperature on demersal fish communities in the Central Mediterranean Sea using INLA-SPDE modeling approach

Rubino, Claudio;Adelfio, Giada;Abbruzzo, Antonino;Bosch-Belmar, Mar;Lorenzo, Manfredi Di;Fiorentino, Fabio;Milisenda, Giacomo
2024-01-01

Abstract

Climate change significantly impacts marine ecosystems worldwide, leading to alterations in the composition and structure of marine communities. In this study, we aim to explore the effects of temperature on demersal fish communities in the Central Mediterranean Sea, using data collected from a standardized monitoring program over 23 years. Computationally efficient Bayesian inference is performed using the integrated nested Laplace approximation and the stochastic partial differential equation approach to model the spatial and temporal dynamics of the fish communities. We focused on the mean temperature of the catch (MTC) as an indicator of the response of fish communities to changes in temperature. Our results showed that MTC decreased significantly with increasing depth, indicating that deeper fish communities may be composed of colder affinity species, more vulnerable to future warming. We also found that MTC had a step-wise rather than linear increase with increasing water temperature, suggesting that fish communities may be able to adapt to gradual changes in temperature up to a certain threshold before undergoing abrupt changes. Our findings highlight the importance of considering the non-linear dynamics of fish communities when assessing the impacts of temperature on marine ecosystems and provide important insights into the potential impacts of climate change on demersal fish communities in the Central Mediterranean Sea.
2024
Rubino, C., Adelfio, G., Abbruzzo, A., Bosch-Belmar, M., Lorenzo, M.D., Fiorentino, F., et al. (2024). Exploring the effects of temperature on demersal fish communities in the Central Mediterranean Sea using INLA-SPDE modeling approach. ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECOLOGICAL STATISTICS [10.1007/s10651-024-00609-7].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/636506
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