The study of high order dependencies in complex systems has recently led to the introduction of statistical synergy, a novel quantity corresponding to a form of emergence in which patterns at large scales are not traceable from lower scales. As a consequence, several works in the last years dealt with the synergy and its counterpart, the redundancy. In particular, the O-information is a signed metric that measures the balance between redundant and synergistic statistical dependencies. In spite of its growing use, this metric does not provide insight about the role played by low-order scales in the formation of high order effects. To fill this gap, the framework for the computation of the O-information has been recently expanded introducing the so-called gradients of this metric, which measure the irreducible contribution of a variable (or a group of variables) to the high order informational circuits of a system. Here, we review the theory behind the O-information and its gradients and present the potential of these concepts in the field of network physiology, showing two new applications relevant to brain functional connectivity probed via functional resonance imaging and physiological interactions among the variability of heart rate, arterial pressure, respiration and cerebral blood flow.

Scagliarini T., Sparacino L., Faes L., Marinazzo D., Stramaglia S. (2024). Gradients of O-information highlight synergy and redundancy in physiological applications. FRONTIERS IN NETWORK PHYSIOLOGY, 3 [10.3389/fnetp.2023.1335808].

Gradients of O-information highlight synergy and redundancy in physiological applications

Sparacino L.;Faes L.;
2024-01-09

Abstract

The study of high order dependencies in complex systems has recently led to the introduction of statistical synergy, a novel quantity corresponding to a form of emergence in which patterns at large scales are not traceable from lower scales. As a consequence, several works in the last years dealt with the synergy and its counterpart, the redundancy. In particular, the O-information is a signed metric that measures the balance between redundant and synergistic statistical dependencies. In spite of its growing use, this metric does not provide insight about the role played by low-order scales in the formation of high order effects. To fill this gap, the framework for the computation of the O-information has been recently expanded introducing the so-called gradients of this metric, which measure the irreducible contribution of a variable (or a group of variables) to the high order informational circuits of a system. Here, we review the theory behind the O-information and its gradients and present the potential of these concepts in the field of network physiology, showing two new applications relevant to brain functional connectivity probed via functional resonance imaging and physiological interactions among the variability of heart rate, arterial pressure, respiration and cerebral blood flow.
9-gen-2024
Scagliarini T., Sparacino L., Faes L., Marinazzo D., Stramaglia S. (2024). Gradients of O-information highlight synergy and redundancy in physiological applications. FRONTIERS IN NETWORK PHYSIOLOGY, 3 [10.3389/fnetp.2023.1335808].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/636355
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