Otto Stern's 1933 measurement of the unexpectedly large proton magnetic moment indicated to most physicists that the proton is not a point particle. At that time, many physicists modeled elementary particles as point particles, and therefore Stern's discovery initiated the speculation that the proton might be a composite particle. In this work, we show that despite being an elementary particle, the proton is an extended particle. Our work is motivated by the experimental data, which we review in section 1. By applying Occam's Razor principle, we identify a simple proton structure that explains the origin of its principal parameters. Our model uses only relativistic and electromagnetic concepts, highlighting the primary role of the electromagnetic potentials and of the magnetic flux quantum ΦM = h/e. Unlike prior proton models, our methodology does not violate Maxwell's equation, Noether's theorem, or the Pauli exclusion principle. Considering that the proton has an anapole (toroidal) magnetic moment, we propose that the proton is a spherical shaped charge that moves at the speed of light along a path that encloses a toroidal volume. A magnetic flux quantum ΦM = h/e stabilizes the proton's charge trajectory. The two curvatures of the toroidal and poloidal current loops are determined by the magnetic forces associated with ΦM. We compare our calculations against experimental data.

Giorgio Vassallo , Kovacs Andras (2023). The Proton and Occam's Razor. JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. CONFERENCE SERIES, 2482(1) [10.1088/1742-6596/2482/1/012020].

The Proton and Occam's Razor

Giorgio Vassallo
;
2023-05-01

Abstract

Otto Stern's 1933 measurement of the unexpectedly large proton magnetic moment indicated to most physicists that the proton is not a point particle. At that time, many physicists modeled elementary particles as point particles, and therefore Stern's discovery initiated the speculation that the proton might be a composite particle. In this work, we show that despite being an elementary particle, the proton is an extended particle. Our work is motivated by the experimental data, which we review in section 1. By applying Occam's Razor principle, we identify a simple proton structure that explains the origin of its principal parameters. Our model uses only relativistic and electromagnetic concepts, highlighting the primary role of the electromagnetic potentials and of the magnetic flux quantum ΦM = h/e. Unlike prior proton models, our methodology does not violate Maxwell's equation, Noether's theorem, or the Pauli exclusion principle. Considering that the proton has an anapole (toroidal) magnetic moment, we propose that the proton is a spherical shaped charge that moves at the speed of light along a path that encloses a toroidal volume. A magnetic flux quantum ΦM = h/e stabilizes the proton's charge trajectory. The two curvatures of the toroidal and poloidal current loops are determined by the magnetic forces associated with ΦM. We compare our calculations against experimental data.
mag-2023
Settore ING-INF/05 - Sistemi Di Elaborazione Delle Informazioni
Settore FIS/02 - Fisica Teorica, Modelli E Metodi Matematici
Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare E Subnucleare
Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Volume 2482, The 13th Biennial Conference on Classical and Quantum Relativistic Dynamics of Particles and Fields (IARD 2022), 05/06/2022 - 09/06/2022 Prague, Czechia
Prague, Czechia
05/06/2022 - 09/06/2022
2482 012020
Giorgio Vassallo , Kovacs Andras (2023). The Proton and Occam's Razor. JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. CONFERENCE SERIES, 2482(1) [10.1088/1742-6596/2482/1/012020].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Vassallo_2023_J._Phys.__Conf._Ser._2482_012020.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale
Dimensione 2.09 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.09 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/609194
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact