The progress in additive manufacturing has remarkably increased the application of lattice materials in the biomedical field for the fabrication of scaffolds used as bone substitutes. Ti6Al4V alloy is widely adopted for bone implant application as it combines both biological and mechanical properties. Recent breakthroughs in biomaterials and tissue engineering have allowed the regeneration of massive bone defects, which require external intervention to be bridged. However, the repair of such critical bone defects remains a challenge. The present review collected the most significant findings in the literature of the last ten years on Ti6Al4V porous scaffolds to provide a comprehensive summary of the mechanical and morphological requirements for the osteointegration process. Particular attention was given on the effects of pore size, surface roughness and the elastic modulus on bone scaffold performances. The application of the Gibson-Ashby model allowed for a comparison of the mechanical performance of the lattice materials with that of human bone. This allows for an evaluation of the suitability of different lattice materials for biomedical applications.

Distefano F., Pasta S., Epasto G. (2023). Titanium Lattice Structures Produced via Additive Manufacturing for a Bone Scaffold: A Review [10.3390/jfb14030125].

Titanium Lattice Structures Produced via Additive Manufacturing for a Bone Scaffold: A Review

Distefano F.;Pasta S.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

The progress in additive manufacturing has remarkably increased the application of lattice materials in the biomedical field for the fabrication of scaffolds used as bone substitutes. Ti6Al4V alloy is widely adopted for bone implant application as it combines both biological and mechanical properties. Recent breakthroughs in biomaterials and tissue engineering have allowed the regeneration of massive bone defects, which require external intervention to be bridged. However, the repair of such critical bone defects remains a challenge. The present review collected the most significant findings in the literature of the last ten years on Ti6Al4V porous scaffolds to provide a comprehensive summary of the mechanical and morphological requirements for the osteointegration process. Particular attention was given on the effects of pore size, surface roughness and the elastic modulus on bone scaffold performances. The application of the Gibson-Ashby model allowed for a comparison of the mechanical performance of the lattice materials with that of human bone. This allows for an evaluation of the suitability of different lattice materials for biomedical applications.
2023
Distefano F., Pasta S., Epasto G. (2023). Titanium Lattice Structures Produced via Additive Manufacturing for a Bone Scaffold: A Review [10.3390/jfb14030125].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/587790
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