Scleral buckling represents a valuable treatment option for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair. The surgery is based on two main principles: the closure of retinal breaks and the creation of a long-lasting chorioretinal adhesion. Buckles are placed onto the sclera with the purpose of sealing retinal breaks. Cryopexy is usually performed to ensure a long-lasting chorioretinal adhesion. Clinical outcomes of scleral buckling have been shown to be more favorable in phakic eyes with uncomplicated or medium complexity retinal detachment, yielding better anatomical and functional results compared with vitrectomy. Several complications have been described following scleral buckling surgery, some of which are sight-threatening. Expertise in indirect ophthalmoscopy is required to perform this type of surgery. A great experience is necessary to prevent complications and to deal with them. The use of scleral buckling surgery has declined over the years due to increasing interest in vitrectomy. Lack of confidence in indirect ophthalmoscopy and difficulties in teaching this surgery have contributed to limiting its diffusion among young ophthalmologists. The aim of this review is to provide a comprehensive guide on technical and clinical aspects of scleral buckling, focusing also on complications and their management.

Matteo Fallico , Pietro Alosi , Michele Reibaldi , Antonio Longo , Vincenza Bonfiglio , Teresio Avitabile , et al. (2022). Scleral Buckling: A Review of Clinical Aspects and Current Concepts [10.3390/jcm11020314].

Scleral Buckling: A Review of Clinical Aspects and Current Concepts

Vincenza Bonfiglio;
2022-01-09

Abstract

Scleral buckling represents a valuable treatment option for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair. The surgery is based on two main principles: the closure of retinal breaks and the creation of a long-lasting chorioretinal adhesion. Buckles are placed onto the sclera with the purpose of sealing retinal breaks. Cryopexy is usually performed to ensure a long-lasting chorioretinal adhesion. Clinical outcomes of scleral buckling have been shown to be more favorable in phakic eyes with uncomplicated or medium complexity retinal detachment, yielding better anatomical and functional results compared with vitrectomy. Several complications have been described following scleral buckling surgery, some of which are sight-threatening. Expertise in indirect ophthalmoscopy is required to perform this type of surgery. A great experience is necessary to prevent complications and to deal with them. The use of scleral buckling surgery has declined over the years due to increasing interest in vitrectomy. Lack of confidence in indirect ophthalmoscopy and difficulties in teaching this surgery have contributed to limiting its diffusion among young ophthalmologists. The aim of this review is to provide a comprehensive guide on technical and clinical aspects of scleral buckling, focusing also on complications and their management.
9-gen-2022
Matteo Fallico , Pietro Alosi , Michele Reibaldi , Antonio Longo , Vincenza Bonfiglio , Teresio Avitabile , et al. (2022). Scleral Buckling: A Review of Clinical Aspects and Current Concepts [10.3390/jcm11020314].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/583703
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