Background Acute pancreatitis is a disorder of reversible inflammation of the pancreas. Only a few cases are related to infections and the most common pathogens are the viruses responsible for mumps, parotitis, and influenza. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated acute pancreatitis is a rare condition and it may occur in children and adults. Case presentation A 3-year-old female was admitted to the "G. Di Cristina" Children's Hospital in Palermo for vomiting and abdominal pain. Laboratory investigations revealed elevated amylase and lipase, with normal liver function tests. Abdominal ultrasound demonstrated an enlarged pancreas, with hypoechogenic areas; no biliary lithiasis was observed. Infectious disease serology was positive for the presence of EBV VCA IgM and IgG. A diagnosis of EBV-associated acute pancreatitis was made. The patient was treated conservatively and recovered. Conclusions Acute pancreatitis is rarely associated with EBV infection; a review of the English literature revealed only 10 pediatric and 6 adult cases. Patients with pancreatitis should always be evaluated for EBV serology, even in the absence of the typical clinical and hematological features of infectious mononucleosis. For these patients, good prognosis is generally expected.

Accomando, S., Restivo, G.A., Scalzo, S., Guardino, M., Corsello, G., Giuffrè, M. (2022). Epstein-Barr virus-associated acute pancreatitis: a clinical report and review of literature. THE ITALIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, 48(1) [10.1186/s13052-022-01352-0].

Epstein-Barr virus-associated acute pancreatitis: a clinical report and review of literature

Restivo, Giulia Angela;Scalzo, Simona
;
Guardino, Melania;Corsello, Giovanni;Giuffrè, Mario
2022-09-05

Abstract

Background Acute pancreatitis is a disorder of reversible inflammation of the pancreas. Only a few cases are related to infections and the most common pathogens are the viruses responsible for mumps, parotitis, and influenza. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated acute pancreatitis is a rare condition and it may occur in children and adults. Case presentation A 3-year-old female was admitted to the "G. Di Cristina" Children's Hospital in Palermo for vomiting and abdominal pain. Laboratory investigations revealed elevated amylase and lipase, with normal liver function tests. Abdominal ultrasound demonstrated an enlarged pancreas, with hypoechogenic areas; no biliary lithiasis was observed. Infectious disease serology was positive for the presence of EBV VCA IgM and IgG. A diagnosis of EBV-associated acute pancreatitis was made. The patient was treated conservatively and recovered. Conclusions Acute pancreatitis is rarely associated with EBV infection; a review of the English literature revealed only 10 pediatric and 6 adult cases. Patients with pancreatitis should always be evaluated for EBV serology, even in the absence of the typical clinical and hematological features of infectious mononucleosis. For these patients, good prognosis is generally expected.
5-set-2022
Accomando, S., Restivo, G.A., Scalzo, S., Guardino, M., Corsello, G., Giuffrè, M. (2022). Epstein-Barr virus-associated acute pancreatitis: a clinical report and review of literature. THE ITALIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, 48(1) [10.1186/s13052-022-01352-0].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/582513
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