The defense system of freshwater crayfish Procambarus clarkii as a diversified source of bioactive molecules with antimicrobial properties was studied. Antimicrobial activity of two polypeptideenriched extracts obtained from hemocytes and hemolymph of P. clarkii were assessed against Gram positive (Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis) and Gram negative (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli) bacteria and toward the yeast Candida albicans. The two peptide fractions showed interesting MIC values (ranging from 11 to 700 g/mL) against all tested pathogens. Polypeptideenriched extracts were further investigated using a high-resolution mass spectrometry and database search and 14 novel peptides were identified. Some peptides and their derivatives were chemically synthesized and tested in vitro against the bacterial and yeast pathogens. The analysis identified a synthetic derivative peptide, which showed an interesting antifungal (MIC and MFC equal to 31.2 g/mL and 62.5 g/mL, respectively) and antibiofilm (BIC50 equal to 23.2 g/mL) activities against Candida albicans and a low toxicity in human cells.

Punginelli, D., Catania, V., Vazzana, M., Mauro, M., Spinello, A., Barone, G., et al. (2022). A Novel Peptide with Antifungal Activity from Red Swamp Crayfish Procambarus clarkii. ANTIBIOTICS, 11(12), 1-19 [10.3390/antibiotics11121792].

A Novel Peptide with Antifungal Activity from Red Swamp Crayfish Procambarus clarkii

Punginelli, Diletta;Catania, Valentina;Vazzana, Mirella;Mauro, Manuela;Spinello, Angelo;Barone, Giampaolo;Barberi, Giuseppe;Fiorica, Calogero;Arizza, Vincenzo;Schillaci, Domenico
2022-12-10

Abstract

The defense system of freshwater crayfish Procambarus clarkii as a diversified source of bioactive molecules with antimicrobial properties was studied. Antimicrobial activity of two polypeptideenriched extracts obtained from hemocytes and hemolymph of P. clarkii were assessed against Gram positive (Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis) and Gram negative (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli) bacteria and toward the yeast Candida albicans. The two peptide fractions showed interesting MIC values (ranging from 11 to 700 g/mL) against all tested pathogens. Polypeptideenriched extracts were further investigated using a high-resolution mass spectrometry and database search and 14 novel peptides were identified. Some peptides and their derivatives were chemically synthesized and tested in vitro against the bacterial and yeast pathogens. The analysis identified a synthetic derivative peptide, which showed an interesting antifungal (MIC and MFC equal to 31.2 g/mL and 62.5 g/mL, respectively) and antibiofilm (BIC50 equal to 23.2 g/mL) activities against Candida albicans and a low toxicity in human cells.
https://www.mdpi.com/2079-6382/11/12/1792
Punginelli, D., Catania, V., Vazzana, M., Mauro, M., Spinello, A., Barone, G., et al. (2022). A Novel Peptide with Antifungal Activity from Red Swamp Crayfish Procambarus clarkii. ANTIBIOTICS, 11(12), 1-19 [10.3390/antibiotics11121792].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/577029
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