Cockayne’s syndrome (CS) is a rare autosomal recessive multisystem disease characterised by early severe progression of symptoms. This study reports the feasibility of earlier prenatal diagnosis of CS by coelocentesis at 8 weeks of gestation respect to amniocentesis or villocentesis. Three couples at risk for CS asked to perform prenatal diagnosis by coelocentesis. Coelomic fluid was aspired from coelomic cavity in four singleton pregnancy at 8 weeks of gestation and 40 foetal cells were recovered by micromanipulator. Maternal DNA contamination was evaluated by quantitative fluorescent PCR (QF-PCR) and target regions of foetal DNA containing parental mutations of ERCC6 gene were amplified and sequenced. In all these cases, molecular analysis was possible. One foetus resulted affected of CS and the diagnosis was confirmed on placental tissue after voluntary abortion. In three cases, foetuses resulted carrier of a parental mutation and the results were confirmed after the birth. This study suggests that reliable prenatal diagnosis of CS could be performed using foetal cells present in coelomatic fluid in earlier pregnancy. Coelocentesis could be applied in prenatal diagnosis of CSs as well as for other monogenic diseases, at very early stage of pregnancy, if parental mutations are already known.Impact StatementWhat is already know on this subject? Previous studies utilising coelocentesis for prenatal determination of foetal sex reported variable success ranging from 58% to 95%, because of low total DNA content and presence of maternal cell contamination. This procedure has never been reported for early prenatal diagnosis at 8 weeks of gestation for rare genetically transmitted diseases such as Cockayne’s syndrome. What do the results of this study add? This study demonstrates that coelomic fluid sampling combined with well-standardised laboratory procedures can be applied for prenatal diagnosis at eight weeks of gestation for any rare monogenic disease if molecular defects are known. What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? The findings of this study in at risk couples for monogenic diseases investigated by coelocentesis demonstrate that embryo-foetal cell selection from CF allows reliable and early prenatal diagnosis of diseases. This technique is attractive to parents because it provides prenatal diagnosis of genetic disease at least 4 weeks earlier than what can be achieved by the traditional procedures reducing anxiety of parents and provides the option for medical termination of affected cases at 8–10 weeks’ gestation, which is less traumatic and safer than second-trimester surgical termination. Further research concerns the possibility to obtain foetal karyotype at eight weeks of gestation and the possibility of intrauterine corrective therapy.

Giambona A., Vinciguerra M., Leto F., Cassara F., Cucinella G., Cigna V., et al. (2022). Very early prenatal diagnosis of Cockayne’s syndrome by coelocentesis. JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY, 42(1), 1-8 [10.1080/01443615.2021.2014429].

Very early prenatal diagnosis of Cockayne’s syndrome by coelocentesis

Cucinella G.;Orlandi E.;Piccione M.;
2022-01-10

Abstract

Cockayne’s syndrome (CS) is a rare autosomal recessive multisystem disease characterised by early severe progression of symptoms. This study reports the feasibility of earlier prenatal diagnosis of CS by coelocentesis at 8 weeks of gestation respect to amniocentesis or villocentesis. Three couples at risk for CS asked to perform prenatal diagnosis by coelocentesis. Coelomic fluid was aspired from coelomic cavity in four singleton pregnancy at 8 weeks of gestation and 40 foetal cells were recovered by micromanipulator. Maternal DNA contamination was evaluated by quantitative fluorescent PCR (QF-PCR) and target regions of foetal DNA containing parental mutations of ERCC6 gene were amplified and sequenced. In all these cases, molecular analysis was possible. One foetus resulted affected of CS and the diagnosis was confirmed on placental tissue after voluntary abortion. In three cases, foetuses resulted carrier of a parental mutation and the results were confirmed after the birth. This study suggests that reliable prenatal diagnosis of CS could be performed using foetal cells present in coelomatic fluid in earlier pregnancy. Coelocentesis could be applied in prenatal diagnosis of CSs as well as for other monogenic diseases, at very early stage of pregnancy, if parental mutations are already known.Impact StatementWhat is already know on this subject? Previous studies utilising coelocentesis for prenatal determination of foetal sex reported variable success ranging from 58% to 95%, because of low total DNA content and presence of maternal cell contamination. This procedure has never been reported for early prenatal diagnosis at 8 weeks of gestation for rare genetically transmitted diseases such as Cockayne’s syndrome. What do the results of this study add? This study demonstrates that coelomic fluid sampling combined with well-standardised laboratory procedures can be applied for prenatal diagnosis at eight weeks of gestation for any rare monogenic disease if molecular defects are known. What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? The findings of this study in at risk couples for monogenic diseases investigated by coelocentesis demonstrate that embryo-foetal cell selection from CF allows reliable and early prenatal diagnosis of diseases. This technique is attractive to parents because it provides prenatal diagnosis of genetic disease at least 4 weeks earlier than what can be achieved by the traditional procedures reducing anxiety of parents and provides the option for medical termination of affected cases at 8–10 weeks’ gestation, which is less traumatic and safer than second-trimester surgical termination. Further research concerns the possibility to obtain foetal karyotype at eight weeks of gestation and the possibility of intrauterine corrective therapy.
Giambona A., Vinciguerra M., Leto F., Cassara F., Cucinella G., Cigna V., et al. (2022). Very early prenatal diagnosis of Cockayne’s syndrome by coelocentesis. JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY, 42(1), 1-8 [10.1080/01443615.2021.2014429].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/547097
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