The application of gibberellic acid (GA3) to the whole loquat tree from mid-May to early June and from early August to the onset of flowering, significantly reduced the number of premature flowering shoots per current shoot and per m3 of canopy, and so reduced the total number of panicles per m3 of canopy. The number of vegetative shoots per m3 of canopy was also significantly reduced by applying GA3. The response depended on the concentration applied and produced optimal results at 50mg l − 1.Differences in the number of flowers per panicle and leaves per shootwere not significantlymodified by the treatment. Nevertheless, GA3 applied directly to the developing apex near to flower differentiation reduced the number of flowers per panicle by 25–35% and without modifying the morphological characteristics of the panicle. Results suggest that less sprouting of lateral buds was largely responsible for the reduction in flowering intensity caused by GA3. Best treatments reduced thinning costs (60%, approximately) of premature flowering shoots, slightly increased fruit diameter and significantly improved fruit colour and juice quality, thus advancing harvest date.

Reig, C., Farina, V., Volpe, G., Mesejo, C., Martinez Fuentes, A., Barone, F., et al. (2011). Giberellic acid and flower bud development in loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.). SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE, 129, 27-31 [doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2011.02.017].

Giberellic acid and flower bud development in loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.)

FARINA, Vittorio;VOLPE, Giorgio;BARONE, Francesca;CALABRESE, Francesco Elio;
2011

Abstract

The application of gibberellic acid (GA3) to the whole loquat tree from mid-May to early June and from early August to the onset of flowering, significantly reduced the number of premature flowering shoots per current shoot and per m3 of canopy, and so reduced the total number of panicles per m3 of canopy. The number of vegetative shoots per m3 of canopy was also significantly reduced by applying GA3. The response depended on the concentration applied and produced optimal results at 50mg l − 1.Differences in the number of flowers per panicle and leaves per shootwere not significantlymodified by the treatment. Nevertheless, GA3 applied directly to the developing apex near to flower differentiation reduced the number of flowers per panicle by 25–35% and without modifying the morphological characteristics of the panicle. Results suggest that less sprouting of lateral buds was largely responsible for the reduction in flowering intensity caused by GA3. Best treatments reduced thinning costs (60%, approximately) of premature flowering shoots, slightly increased fruit diameter and significantly improved fruit colour and juice quality, thus advancing harvest date.
Settore AGR/03 - Arboricoltura Generale E Coltivazioni Arboree
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TC3-52G7HY0-1&_user=519924&_coverDate=05%2F25%2F2011&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=gateway&_origin=gateway&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_searchStrId=1741935813&_rerunOrigin=google&_acct=C000025965&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=519924&md5=0af57a90be7330ad9b60922b923c017a&searchtype=a
Reig, C., Farina, V., Volpe, G., Mesejo, C., Martinez Fuentes, A., Barone, F., et al. (2011). Giberellic acid and flower bud development in loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.). SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE, 129, 27-31 [doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2011.02.017].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/54513
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