Moment resisting connections are mainly designed to transfer bending moments and shear forces. Generally speaking, the design strength of a moment resisting connection can be classified as full-strength (moment capacity of the connection equal to or greater than that of the connected member) or partial-strength (the moment capacity of the connection less than that of the connected member). Similar remarks can be made regarding the stiffness defining connection rigid or semi-rigid if compared to the stiffness of the connected member. In the past, full-strength connections have been widely adopted especially in moment resisting frames and their structural performance relied on the proper behaviour of welding. However, the research following the 1994 Northridge and 1995 Kobe earthquakes demonstrated the lower than expected performance of welded connections, stimulating the onset and development of pre-qualified connections to be adopted especially in seismic areas. Among these connections the most studied ones are those belonging to the Reduced Beam Section (RBS) typology, being the so-called “dogbone” connection the most adopted. The dogbone presents a bending strength and a flexural stiffness lesser than the ones of the original structural member. Recently, the authors proposed a special device suitably designed to realize an innovative moment resisting connection for steel beam elements belonging to the RBS typology. Such a device, called Limited Resistance Plastic Device (LRPD), is constituted by three different portions: the central one is devoted to the onset and development of plastic deformations and presents geometrical dimensions reduced with respect to those of the original structural member; the external ones are devoted to recover the stiffness of beam-device system to that of the original structural member and present greater geometrical dimensions. This latter remark allows to affirm that, from a connectivity point of view, the stiffness of LRPD at the columnbeam interface, is greater than the one of the original structural member. Another fundamental remark is that the structural connections are intrinsically characterized by uncertainties related either to geometrical or to material ones. Usually, the effect of uncertainties is covered by the use of safety coefficients and the analyses are performed referring only to the nominal values of the geometrical and mechanical characteristics. However, in order to perform a more complete interpretation of the mechanical behaviour of the studied connections, a nondeterministic analysis approach can be used. Aim of the paper is the characterization of the structural behaviour of the referenced connections (“dogbone” and LRPD) taking into account the main geometrical uncertainties and that related to the material strength by performing suitably Monte Carlo simulations and by determining the relevant M-N domains. Starting from the described characterization, different commercial steel profiles will be considered in order to build a series of M-N domains useful to quantify the safety level and the range of usability of the two different RBS approaches. Finally, the implemented applications will lead to demonstrate the greater reliability of LRPD compared to the classical dogbone.

Benfratello, S., Vazzano, S. (2021). On the Limit Behaviour of Moment Resisting Connections Under Uncertainties. IOP CONFERENCE SERIES: MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, 1203(3) [10.1088/1757-899X/1203/3/032081].

On the Limit Behaviour of Moment Resisting Connections Under Uncertainties

Benfratello, Salvatore
;
Vazzano, Santo
2021

Abstract

Moment resisting connections are mainly designed to transfer bending moments and shear forces. Generally speaking, the design strength of a moment resisting connection can be classified as full-strength (moment capacity of the connection equal to or greater than that of the connected member) or partial-strength (the moment capacity of the connection less than that of the connected member). Similar remarks can be made regarding the stiffness defining connection rigid or semi-rigid if compared to the stiffness of the connected member. In the past, full-strength connections have been widely adopted especially in moment resisting frames and their structural performance relied on the proper behaviour of welding. However, the research following the 1994 Northridge and 1995 Kobe earthquakes demonstrated the lower than expected performance of welded connections, stimulating the onset and development of pre-qualified connections to be adopted especially in seismic areas. Among these connections the most studied ones are those belonging to the Reduced Beam Section (RBS) typology, being the so-called “dogbone” connection the most adopted. The dogbone presents a bending strength and a flexural stiffness lesser than the ones of the original structural member. Recently, the authors proposed a special device suitably designed to realize an innovative moment resisting connection for steel beam elements belonging to the RBS typology. Such a device, called Limited Resistance Plastic Device (LRPD), is constituted by three different portions: the central one is devoted to the onset and development of plastic deformations and presents geometrical dimensions reduced with respect to those of the original structural member; the external ones are devoted to recover the stiffness of beam-device system to that of the original structural member and present greater geometrical dimensions. This latter remark allows to affirm that, from a connectivity point of view, the stiffness of LRPD at the columnbeam interface, is greater than the one of the original structural member. Another fundamental remark is that the structural connections are intrinsically characterized by uncertainties related either to geometrical or to material ones. Usually, the effect of uncertainties is covered by the use of safety coefficients and the analyses are performed referring only to the nominal values of the geometrical and mechanical characteristics. However, in order to perform a more complete interpretation of the mechanical behaviour of the studied connections, a nondeterministic analysis approach can be used. Aim of the paper is the characterization of the structural behaviour of the referenced connections (“dogbone” and LRPD) taking into account the main geometrical uncertainties and that related to the material strength by performing suitably Monte Carlo simulations and by determining the relevant M-N domains. Starting from the described characterization, different commercial steel profiles will be considered in order to build a series of M-N domains useful to quantify the safety level and the range of usability of the two different RBS approaches. Finally, the implemented applications will lead to demonstrate the greater reliability of LRPD compared to the classical dogbone.
Settore ICAR/08 - Scienza Delle Costruzioni
WMCAUS 2021
14-18 June 2021
Benfratello, S., Vazzano, S. (2021). On the Limit Behaviour of Moment Resisting Connections Under Uncertainties. IOP CONFERENCE SERIES: MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, 1203(3) [10.1088/1757-899X/1203/3/032081].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/532645
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