The avocado tree (Persea americana Mill.) has two types of shoots, indeterminate, which maintain vegetative development from an apical bud, and determinate, which do not have vegetative growth. Indeterminate shoots set fewer fruits than determinate ones, and significantly hasten physiological fruitlet abscission. The competition between vegetative and flower development is accepted as the most reasonable hypothesis to explain the differences. However, our results show that from anthesis until fruit set flowers of indeterminate inflorescences, both those remaining on the tree and those abscised, had a higher sucrose and C6 carbohydrate content than flowers of determinate ones and no differences between them were found for C7 carbohydrates, which disagrees with this hypothesis, and indicates that factors other than carbohydrate content are responsible for fruit set in avocado. At anthesis and fruit set stage, gibberellin and cytokinin concentrations (mainly GA1 and tZ, respectively) were significantly higher in flowers of determinate inflorescences than in those of indeterminate ones, indicating their higher ability to set. We conclude that fruit set is hormonally regulated in avocado, irrespective of vegetative growth. The lower fruit set of the indeterminate inflorescences does not depend on the competition for photosynthates due to the apical vegetative growth, since C6 and C7 carbohydrate availability is enough to ensure fruit set, but on their lower content of GA1 and tZ.

D'Asaro A., Reig C., Martinez-Fuentes A., Mesejo C., Farina V., & Agusti M. (2021). Hormonal and carbohydrate control of fruit set in avocado ‘Lamb Hass’. A question of the type of inflorescence?. SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE, 282, 1-7 [10.1016/j.scienta.2021.110046].

Hormonal and carbohydrate control of fruit set in avocado ‘Lamb Hass’. A question of the type of inflorescence?

D'Asaro A.;Farina V.;
2021-02-25

Abstract

The avocado tree (Persea americana Mill.) has two types of shoots, indeterminate, which maintain vegetative development from an apical bud, and determinate, which do not have vegetative growth. Indeterminate shoots set fewer fruits than determinate ones, and significantly hasten physiological fruitlet abscission. The competition between vegetative and flower development is accepted as the most reasonable hypothesis to explain the differences. However, our results show that from anthesis until fruit set flowers of indeterminate inflorescences, both those remaining on the tree and those abscised, had a higher sucrose and C6 carbohydrate content than flowers of determinate ones and no differences between them were found for C7 carbohydrates, which disagrees with this hypothesis, and indicates that factors other than carbohydrate content are responsible for fruit set in avocado. At anthesis and fruit set stage, gibberellin and cytokinin concentrations (mainly GA1 and tZ, respectively) were significantly higher in flowers of determinate inflorescences than in those of indeterminate ones, indicating their higher ability to set. We conclude that fruit set is hormonally regulated in avocado, irrespective of vegetative growth. The lower fruit set of the indeterminate inflorescences does not depend on the competition for photosynthates due to the apical vegetative growth, since C6 and C7 carbohydrate availability is enough to ensure fruit set, but on their lower content of GA1 and tZ.
D'Asaro A., Reig C., Martinez-Fuentes A., Mesejo C., Farina V., & Agusti M. (2021). Hormonal and carbohydrate control of fruit set in avocado ‘Lamb Hass’. A question of the type of inflorescence?. SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE, 282, 1-7 [10.1016/j.scienta.2021.110046].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/530969
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