Background and aims: The red ear syndrome (RES) is a rare syndrome characterized by burning pain and cutaneous erythema in the ear. It is probably due to an autonomic dysfunction, because of a hypofunction of sympathetic and/or a hyperactivity of parasympathetic control. We have previously described an intriguing association with migraine. In the present study, we have investigated the pathophysiological links between the RES and the clinical features of migraine, and pointed out the crucial role of the parasympathetic system. Methods: A total of 172 young migraine sufferers (92 M and 80 F, aged 4–17 years) underwent a clinical and instrumental evaluation. A semi-structured interview about their headache and the presence of the RES was administered. Results: We found the RES in 40 patients affected by migraine [23.25% (CI 17–29.5)]. The univariate statistical analysis showed a statistically significant association of the RES with: male gender (OR 2.1, 95% CI 1–4.5; p = 0.04), throbbing quality of the pain (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1–6.3; p = 0.04), vomiting (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.2–5.1; p = 0.02), and phonophobia (OR 2.8, 95% CI 1–7.8; p = 0.03). It was confirmed by a multivariate stepwise logistic regression model only for throbbing pain [OR 2.7 (CI 1.1–6.7); p = 0.04], while male gender [OR 2.1 (CI 1–4.7); p = 0.05] and vomiting [OR 2.5 (CI 1–4.5); p = 0.05] were almost within significance level. Conclusions: The evidence of an association of the RES with some migraine features partially provoked by the parasympathetic system supports the hypothesis of a shared pathophysiological background (for example, via the activation of the trigeminal-autonomic reflex).
Compagno, A., Raieli, V., Brighina, F., Puma, D., LA VECCHIA, M., D'Amelio, M., et al. (2010). The red ear syndrome and migraine: the role of the parasympathetic system in a complex and intriguing clinical association. In Clinical Autonomic Research (pp.128-128). Springer Medizin.
|Autori:||Compagno, A.; Raieli, V.; Brighina, F.; Puma, D.; LA VECCHIA, M.; D'Amelio, M.; Mangano, S.|
|Titolo:||The red ear syndrome and migraine: the role of the parasympathetic system in a complex and intriguing clinical association|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/39 - Neuropsichiatria Infantile|
|Nome del convegno:||XII Congress of the European Federation of Autonomic Societies (EFAS)|
|Luogo del convegno:||Giardini Naxos: Taormina, Italy|
|Anno del convegno:||12–15 May 2010,|
|Numero del convegno:||XII|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Numero di pagine:||1|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10286-010-0060-z|
|Citazione:||Compagno, A., Raieli, V., Brighina, F., Puma, D., LA VECCHIA, M., D'Amelio, M., et al. (2010). The red ear syndrome and migraine: the role of the parasympathetic system in a complex and intriguing clinical association. In Clinical Autonomic Research (pp.128-128). Springer Medizin.|
|Tipologia:||0 - Proceedings (TIPOLOGIA NON ATTIVA)|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||0 - Proceedings (TIPOLOGIA NON ATTIVA)|