Aggression and violence among youth areresearched as social phenomena in sport. This paper was designed to determine the occurrence of these behaviors as well as prosocial behaviorsamong young athletes. The current paper is a research report aiming to detect the frequency of aggressive behavior, social exclusion, prosocial behavior and cohesion in the youth environment, the frequency of personal experience of peer violence or social exclusion, and to evaluate cross-national differences in terms of occurrence of these phenomena. The field research was conducted in six European countries (Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Lithuania, and Serbia) on a sample of 482 children aged 6 to 16. The conducted questionnaire consisted of pre-existing scales and measures for specific behaviors and social aspects that formed the Youth Environment Assessment and Youth Characteristics Questionnaire. Previous personal experience of violence and social exclusion determined groups in the sample. One-way ANOVA and discriminant analysis were conducted to compare various variables and groups within the sample. The results have shown that aggressive and social exclusion behaviors are rare or very rare, predominantly in the form of verbal aggression in the sports club environment. The results of the conducted discriminant analysis indicate that prosocial and cohesion behaviors occur "quite often" to "often" among sports club athletes' samples. The percentage of athletes who have had personal experience of violence or social exclusion in the last two years and whose feeling of hurt by that experience was assessed as "a lot" or "fully" on the measurement scale is estimated to be approximately 25%. Mild cross-national differences emerged in the overmentioned variables, probably due to the sample specificity, or to cultural variety. The results indicate the need for longitudinal research on this topic since the sport is an environment in which cohesion can be developed among young athletes, but it is not free from social exclusion or aggression.

Milovanovic I., Gentile A., Gutovic T., Kezic A., Matosic D., Kreivyte R., et al. (2020). Prosocial and aggressive behavior occurrence in young athletes: Field research results in six European countries. SUSTAINABILITY, 12(12) [10.3390/su12125085].

Prosocial and aggressive behavior occurrence in young athletes: Field research results in six European countries

Gentile A.;Bianco A.;
2020

Abstract

Aggression and violence among youth areresearched as social phenomena in sport. This paper was designed to determine the occurrence of these behaviors as well as prosocial behaviorsamong young athletes. The current paper is a research report aiming to detect the frequency of aggressive behavior, social exclusion, prosocial behavior and cohesion in the youth environment, the frequency of personal experience of peer violence or social exclusion, and to evaluate cross-national differences in terms of occurrence of these phenomena. The field research was conducted in six European countries (Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Lithuania, and Serbia) on a sample of 482 children aged 6 to 16. The conducted questionnaire consisted of pre-existing scales and measures for specific behaviors and social aspects that formed the Youth Environment Assessment and Youth Characteristics Questionnaire. Previous personal experience of violence and social exclusion determined groups in the sample. One-way ANOVA and discriminant analysis were conducted to compare various variables and groups within the sample. The results have shown that aggressive and social exclusion behaviors are rare or very rare, predominantly in the form of verbal aggression in the sports club environment. The results of the conducted discriminant analysis indicate that prosocial and cohesion behaviors occur "quite often" to "often" among sports club athletes' samples. The percentage of athletes who have had personal experience of violence or social exclusion in the last two years and whose feeling of hurt by that experience was assessed as "a lot" or "fully" on the measurement scale is estimated to be approximately 25%. Mild cross-national differences emerged in the overmentioned variables, probably due to the sample specificity, or to cultural variety. The results indicate the need for longitudinal research on this topic since the sport is an environment in which cohesion can be developed among young athletes, but it is not free from social exclusion or aggression.
Settore M-EDF/01 - Metodi E Didattiche Delle Attivita' Motorie
Milovanovic I., Gentile A., Gutovic T., Kezic A., Matosic D., Kreivyte R., et al. (2020). Prosocial and aggressive behavior occurrence in young athletes: Field research results in six European countries. SUSTAINABILITY, 12(12) [10.3390/su12125085].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/482821
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