BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) by delayed enhancement (DE) enables visualisation of myocardial scarring, but no dedicated studies are available in thalassaemia major. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence, extent, clinical and instrumental correlates of myocardial fibrosis or necrosis by DE CMR in patients with thalassaemia major. PATIENTS: 115 Patients with thalassaemia major consecutively examined at an MRI laboratory. METHODS: DE images were acquired to quantify myocardial scarring. Myocardial iron overload was determined by multislice multiecho T2*. Cine images were obtained to evaluate biventricular function. RESULTS: DE areas were present in 28/115 patients (24%). The mean (SD) extent of DE was 3.9 (2.4)%. In 26 patients the location of fibrosis was not specific and patchy distribution was prevalent. Two patients showed transmural DE following coronary distribution. The DE group was significantly older than the no-DE group (31 (7.7) years vs 26 (7.7) years, p = 0.004). No significant relation with heart T2* values and biventricular function was found. A significant correlation was found between the presence of DE and changes in ECG (ECG abnormal in the DE group 22/28 patients and in the no-DE group 30/87 patients; chi(2) = 14.9; p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with thalassaemia the significant presence of myocardial fibrosis/necrosis seems to be a time-dependent process correlating with cardiovascular risk factors and cardiac complications. Levels of HCV antibodies are significantly higher in the serum of patients with thalassaemia with myocardial fibrosis/necrosis. ECG changes showed a good accuracy in predicting myocardial scarring.
Pepe, A., Positano, V., Capra, M., Maggio, A., Pinto, C., Spasiano, A., et al. (2009). Myocardial scarring by delayed enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance in thalassaemia major. HEART, 2009-10.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Titolo:||Myocardial scarring by delayed enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance in thalassaemia major|
|Citazione:||Pepe, A., Positano, V., Capra, M., Maggio, A., Pinto, C., Spasiano, A., et al. (2009). Myocardial scarring by delayed enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance in thalassaemia major. HEART, 2009-10.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.01 Articolo in rivista|