Background/Aim: A new class of imidazo[2,1- b][1,3,4]thiadiazole compounds have recently been evaluated as inhibitors of phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) in pancreatic cancer. FAK is overexpressed in mesothelioma and has recently emerged as an interesting target for the treatment of this disease. Materials and Methods: Ten imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazole compounds characterized by indole bicycle and a thiophene ring, were evaluated for their cytotoxic activity in two primary cell cultures of peritoneal mesothelioma, MesoII and STO cells. Results: Compounds 1a and 1b showed promising antitumor activity with IC50 values in the range of 0.59 to 2.81 μM in both cell lines growing as monolayers or as spheroids. Their antiproliferative and antimigratory activity was associated with inhibition of phospho-FAK, as detected by a specific ELISA assay in STO cells. Interestingly, these compounds potentiated the antiproliferative activity of gemcitabine, and these results might be explained by the increase in the mRNA expression of the key gemcitabine transporter human equilibrative nucleoside transporter-1 (hENT-1). Conclusion: These promising results support further studies on new imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazole compounds as well as on the role of both FAK and hENT-1 modulation in order to develop new drug combinations for peritoneal mesothelioma.

GIOVANNA LI PETRI, CAMILLA PECORARO, ORNELLA RANDAZZO, SILVIA ZOPPI, STELLA MARIA CASCIOFERRO, BARBARA PARRINO, et al. (2020). New Imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]Thiadiazole Derivatives Inhibit FAK Phosphorylation and Potentiate the Antiproliferative Effects of Gemcitabine Through Modulation of the Human Equilibrative Nucleoside Transporter-1 in Peritoneal Mesothelioma. ANTICANCER RESEARCH, 40(9), 4913-4919 [10.21873/anticanres.14494].

New Imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]Thiadiazole Derivatives Inhibit FAK Phosphorylation and Potentiate the Antiproliferative Effects of Gemcitabine Through Modulation of the Human Equilibrative Nucleoside Transporter-1 in Peritoneal Mesothelioma

GIOVANNA LI PETRI;CAMILLA PECORARO;ORNELLA RANDAZZO;STELLA MARIA CASCIOFERRO;BARBARA PARRINO;DANIELA CARBONE;GIROLAMO CIRRINCIONE;PATRIZIA DIANA;
2020

Abstract

Background/Aim: A new class of imidazo[2,1- b][1,3,4]thiadiazole compounds have recently been evaluated as inhibitors of phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) in pancreatic cancer. FAK is overexpressed in mesothelioma and has recently emerged as an interesting target for the treatment of this disease. Materials and Methods: Ten imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazole compounds characterized by indole bicycle and a thiophene ring, were evaluated for their cytotoxic activity in two primary cell cultures of peritoneal mesothelioma, MesoII and STO cells. Results: Compounds 1a and 1b showed promising antitumor activity with IC50 values in the range of 0.59 to 2.81 μM in both cell lines growing as monolayers or as spheroids. Their antiproliferative and antimigratory activity was associated with inhibition of phospho-FAK, as detected by a specific ELISA assay in STO cells. Interestingly, these compounds potentiated the antiproliferative activity of gemcitabine, and these results might be explained by the increase in the mRNA expression of the key gemcitabine transporter human equilibrative nucleoside transporter-1 (hENT-1). Conclusion: These promising results support further studies on new imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazole compounds as well as on the role of both FAK and hENT-1 modulation in order to develop new drug combinations for peritoneal mesothelioma.
Settore BIO/05 - Zoologia
Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica
GIOVANNA LI PETRI, CAMILLA PECORARO, ORNELLA RANDAZZO, SILVIA ZOPPI, STELLA MARIA CASCIOFERRO, BARBARA PARRINO, et al. (2020). New Imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]Thiadiazole Derivatives Inhibit FAK Phosphorylation and Potentiate the Antiproliferative Effects of Gemcitabine Through Modulation of the Human Equilibrative Nucleoside Transporter-1 in Peritoneal Mesothelioma. ANTICANCER RESEARCH, 40(9), 4913-4919 [10.21873/anticanres.14494].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Anticancer Research.pdf

Solo gestori archvio

Descrizione: Articolo principale
Tipologia: Versione Editoriale
Dimensione 1.81 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.81 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/453806
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact