Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare inherited disorder of phagocyte oxidative metabolism that, in addition to infectious complications, is characterized by abnormal inflammatory response leading to the formation of granulomas in multiple tissues both in the presence and absence of microorganisms. Inflammation often involves the gastrointestinal tract and the clinical, laboratory, and histological characteristics are hardly distinguishable from Crohn's disease (CD). CGD is indeed a rare but important differential diagnosis of chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) especially when occurring in early life and its early detection is crucial to improve the prognosis. The paper reports the case of a 2-year-old boy who had a clinical presentation mimicking Crohn's disease with anal abscess, falling off the growth curve, elevated inflammatory parameters, and iron deficiency anaemia, whose diagnosis proved to be CGD.

Pantuso C., Citrano M., Giuffre M., Corsello G. (2020). To investigate cum “granuloma” salis: Chronic granulomatous disease vs Crohn's disease. MEDICO E BAMBINO, 39(5), 315-316.

To investigate cum “granuloma” salis: Chronic granulomatous disease vs Crohn's disease

Pantuso C.;Giuffre M.;Corsello G.
2020

Abstract

Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare inherited disorder of phagocyte oxidative metabolism that, in addition to infectious complications, is characterized by abnormal inflammatory response leading to the formation of granulomas in multiple tissues both in the presence and absence of microorganisms. Inflammation often involves the gastrointestinal tract and the clinical, laboratory, and histological characteristics are hardly distinguishable from Crohn's disease (CD). CGD is indeed a rare but important differential diagnosis of chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) especially when occurring in early life and its early detection is crucial to improve the prognosis. The paper reports the case of a 2-year-old boy who had a clinical presentation mimicking Crohn's disease with anal abscess, falling off the growth curve, elevated inflammatory parameters, and iron deficiency anaemia, whose diagnosis proved to be CGD.
Pantuso C., Citrano M., Giuffre M., Corsello G. (2020). To investigate cum “granuloma” salis: Chronic granulomatous disease vs Crohn's disease. MEDICO E BAMBINO, 39(5), 315-316.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/432667
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