Research on longevity and healthy aging promises to increase our lifespan and decrease the burden of degenerative diseases with important social and economic effects. Many aging theories have been proposed, and important aging pathways have been discovered. Model organisms have had a crucial role in this process because of their short lifespan, cheap maintenance, and manipulation possibilities. Yeasts, worms, fruit flies, or mammalian models such as mice, monkeys, and recently, dogs, have helped shed light on aging processes. Genes and molecular mechanisms that were found to be critical in simple eukaryotic cells and species have been confirmed in humans mainly by the functional analysis of mammalian orthologues. Here, we review conserved aging mechanisms discovered in different model systems that are implicated in human longevity as well and that could be the target of anti-aging interventions in human.

Taormina G., Ferrante F., Vieni S., Grassi N., Russo A., Mirisola M.G. (2019). Longevity: Lesson from model organisms. GENES, 10(7), 1-20 [10.3390/genes10070518].

Longevity: Lesson from model organisms

Vieni S.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Grassi N.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Russo A.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Mirisola M. G.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2019-01-01

Abstract

Research on longevity and healthy aging promises to increase our lifespan and decrease the burden of degenerative diseases with important social and economic effects. Many aging theories have been proposed, and important aging pathways have been discovered. Model organisms have had a crucial role in this process because of their short lifespan, cheap maintenance, and manipulation possibilities. Yeasts, worms, fruit flies, or mammalian models such as mice, monkeys, and recently, dogs, have helped shed light on aging processes. Genes and molecular mechanisms that were found to be critical in simple eukaryotic cells and species have been confirmed in humans mainly by the functional analysis of mammalian orthologues. Here, we review conserved aging mechanisms discovered in different model systems that are implicated in human longevity as well and that could be the target of anti-aging interventions in human.
Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica
Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
Settore MED/49 - Scienze Tecniche Dietetiche Applicate
Taormina G., Ferrante F., Vieni S., Grassi N., Russo A., Mirisola M.G. (2019). Longevity: Lesson from model organisms. GENES, 10(7), 1-20 [10.3390/genes10070518].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/377777
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