The asymmetric distribution of human spatial attention has been repeatedly documented in both patients and healthy controls. Biases in the distribution of attention and/or in the mental representation of space may also affect some aspects of language processing. We investigated whether biases in attention and/or mental representation of space affect semantic representations. In particular, we investigated whether semantic judgments could be modulated by the location in space where the semantic information was presented and the role of the left and right parietal cortices in this task. Healthy subjects were presented with three pictures arranged horizontally (one middle and two outer pictures) of items belonging to the same semantic category. Subjects were asked to indicate the spatial position in which the semantic distance between the outer and middle pictures was smaller. Subjects systematically overestimated the semantic distance of items presented in the right side of space. We explored the neural correlates underpinning this bias using rTMS over the left and right parietal cortex. rTMS of the left parietal cortex selectively reduced this rightward bias. Our findings suggest the existence of an attentional and/or mental representational bias in semantic judgments, similar to that observed for the processing of space and numbers. Spatial manipulation of semantic material results in the activation of specialised attentional resources located in the left hemisphere.

TURRIZIANI, P., OLIVERI, M., BONNI', S., KOCH, G., SMIRNI, D., CIPOLOTTI, L. (2009). Exploring the relationship between semantics and space. PLOS ONE, 4(4) [10.1371/journal.pone.0005319].

Exploring the relationship between semantics and space.

TURRIZIANI, Patrizia;OLIVERI, Massimiliano;SMIRNI, Daniela;CIPOLOTTI, Lisa
2009-01-01

Abstract

The asymmetric distribution of human spatial attention has been repeatedly documented in both patients and healthy controls. Biases in the distribution of attention and/or in the mental representation of space may also affect some aspects of language processing. We investigated whether biases in attention and/or mental representation of space affect semantic representations. In particular, we investigated whether semantic judgments could be modulated by the location in space where the semantic information was presented and the role of the left and right parietal cortices in this task. Healthy subjects were presented with three pictures arranged horizontally (one middle and two outer pictures) of items belonging to the same semantic category. Subjects were asked to indicate the spatial position in which the semantic distance between the outer and middle pictures was smaller. Subjects systematically overestimated the semantic distance of items presented in the right side of space. We explored the neural correlates underpinning this bias using rTMS over the left and right parietal cortex. rTMS of the left parietal cortex selectively reduced this rightward bias. Our findings suggest the existence of an attentional and/or mental representational bias in semantic judgments, similar to that observed for the processing of space and numbers. Spatial manipulation of semantic material results in the activation of specialised attentional resources located in the left hemisphere.
Settore M-PSI/02 - Psicobiologia E Psicologia Fisiologica
TURRIZIANI, P., OLIVERI, M., BONNI', S., KOCH, G., SMIRNI, D., CIPOLOTTI, L. (2009). Exploring the relationship between semantics and space. PLOS ONE, 4(4) [10.1371/journal.pone.0005319].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/35345
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