Changes in rainfall erosivity are an expected consequence of climate change. Long-term series of the single storm erosion index, EI, may be analysed to detect trends in rainfall erosivity. An indirect approach has to be applied for estimating EI, given that long series of rainfall intensities are seldom available. In this paper, a method for estimating EI from the corresponding rainfall amount, he, was developed for Sicily. This method was then applied at 17 Sicilian locations, representative of different climatic zones of the region, to generate a long series (i.e. from 1916 to 1999 in most cases) of EI values. Linear and step (step located at 1970) trends in annual and seasonal erosivity were detected by both classical approaches (Mann–Kendall test, Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney rank-sum test) and a new empirical approach (quantile approach, QA), based on the determination of the erosivity values corresponding to selected probability levels. A power relationship between EI and he with a spaceand time-variable scale factor and a time-variable process parameter yielded the most accurate predictions of EI. However, a simpler model, using a time-variable scale factor and a constant process parameter, yielded reasonably accurate EI estimates. Annual erosivity did not increase in Sicily during the twentieth century. At the most, it decreased at a few locations (three of the 17 considered locations). Significant trends were observed more frequently for winter erosivity (six locations) than for summer erosivity (two locations), suggesting that the erosive storms of winter determined the occasional occurrence of a negative trend in annual erosivity. In general, the QA compared reasonably well with more classical approaches. The QA appears promising since step trends for different return periods may be detected but efforts are needed to statistically formalize the proposed approach.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Titolo:||Assessing changes in rainfall erosivity in Sicily during the twentieth century|
|Autori:||DASARO F; DAGOSTINO L; BAGARELLO V|
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||DASARO F, DAGOSTINO L, & BAGARELLO V (2007). Assessing changes in rainfall erosivity in Sicily during the twentieth century. HYDROLOGICAL PROCESSES, 21, 1862-1871.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002hyp.6502|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|