Introduction A large body of literature has demonstrated that people affected by psychotic disorders show deficits in working memory, in Emotion Recognition (ER) and in data-gathering to reach a decision (Jumping To Conclusions - JTC). Aims To investigate a possible correlation between working memory, JTC and ER in FEP. Methods 41 patients and 89 healthy controls completed assessments of working memory using WAIS shortened version, JTC using the 60:40 Beads Task and ER using Degraded Facial Affect Recognition Task. Results According to the literature, cases had poorer performance in working memory tasks (Digit Span: μ7,72 [ds=2,98] vs μ10,14 [ds=3,10], U=865,00, p=0,00; Digit Symbol: μ5,36 [ds=2,43] vs μ10,05 [ds=3,10], U=455,50, p=0,00; Arithmetic: μ5,46 [ds=2,76] vs μ8,74 [ds=3,24], U=865,50, p=0,00; Block Design: μ4,82 [ds=2,72] vs μ7,60 [ds=3,18], U=912,00, p=0,00), in Beads Task (81,6% vs 51,1%, χ2=10,27, p=0,001, μ2,53 [ds=3,57] vs μ4,23 [ds=4,77], U=1171,00, p=0,006) and in DFAR (total errors: μ21,62 [ds=7,43] vs μ16,58 [ds=8,69], U=554,50, p=0,002). Furthermore working memory tasks in cases group correlated significantly with JTC (Digit Span: rrho=0,276, p=0,003; Digit Symbol: rrho=0,275, p=0,002; Arithmetic: rrho=0,265, p=0,003; Block Design: rrho=0,292, p=0,001), but only Digit Span with ER (rrho=-0,239; p=0,021). In addition, we found that JTC and ER were significantly associated (rrho=-0,281; p=0,004). Conclusions Data show that working memory impairments, JTC style and dysfunctions in the facial emotions recognition are phenomena strongly correlated in the group of patients. Preliminary results suggest the importance of early rehabilitation as the impairments detected may lead to difficulties in social and relational adaptation in psychotic patients.

Tripoli, G., Loi, E., Sartorio, C., La Cascia, C., Seminerio, F., Sideli, L., et al. (2015). Working Memory, Jumping to Conclusions and Emotion Recognition: a Possible Link in First Episode Psychosis (Fep). In The 23rd European Congress of Psychiatry (EPA 2015) (pp.918-918). Elsevier [10.1016/S0924-9338(15)31965-9].

Working Memory, Jumping to Conclusions and Emotion Recognition: a Possible Link in First Episode Psychosis (Fep)

TRIPOLI, Giada;SARTORIO, Crocettarachele;LA CASCIA, Caterina;SEMINERIO, Fabio;SIDELI, Lucia;FERRARO, Laura;MULÈ, Alice;LA BARBERA, Daniele
2015-01-01

Abstract

Introduction A large body of literature has demonstrated that people affected by psychotic disorders show deficits in working memory, in Emotion Recognition (ER) and in data-gathering to reach a decision (Jumping To Conclusions - JTC). Aims To investigate a possible correlation between working memory, JTC and ER in FEP. Methods 41 patients and 89 healthy controls completed assessments of working memory using WAIS shortened version, JTC using the 60:40 Beads Task and ER using Degraded Facial Affect Recognition Task. Results According to the literature, cases had poorer performance in working memory tasks (Digit Span: μ7,72 [ds=2,98] vs μ10,14 [ds=3,10], U=865,00, p=0,00; Digit Symbol: μ5,36 [ds=2,43] vs μ10,05 [ds=3,10], U=455,50, p=0,00; Arithmetic: μ5,46 [ds=2,76] vs μ8,74 [ds=3,24], U=865,50, p=0,00; Block Design: μ4,82 [ds=2,72] vs μ7,60 [ds=3,18], U=912,00, p=0,00), in Beads Task (81,6% vs 51,1%, χ2=10,27, p=0,001, μ2,53 [ds=3,57] vs μ4,23 [ds=4,77], U=1171,00, p=0,006) and in DFAR (total errors: μ21,62 [ds=7,43] vs μ16,58 [ds=8,69], U=554,50, p=0,002). Furthermore working memory tasks in cases group correlated significantly with JTC (Digit Span: rrho=0,276, p=0,003; Digit Symbol: rrho=0,275, p=0,002; Arithmetic: rrho=0,265, p=0,003; Block Design: rrho=0,292, p=0,001), but only Digit Span with ER (rrho=-0,239; p=0,021). In addition, we found that JTC and ER were significantly associated (rrho=-0,281; p=0,004). Conclusions Data show that working memory impairments, JTC style and dysfunctions in the facial emotions recognition are phenomena strongly correlated in the group of patients. Preliminary results suggest the importance of early rehabilitation as the impairments detected may lead to difficulties in social and relational adaptation in psychotic patients.
Settore MED/25 - Psichiatria
Settore MED/48 -Scienze Infermierist. e Tecn. Neuro-Psichiatriche e Riabilitat.
Settore M-PSI/08 - Psicologia Clinica
mar-2015
The 23rd European Congress of Psychiatry (EPA 2015)
Vienna
28–31 March 2015
23rd
1
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0924933815319659
Tripoli, G., Loi, E., Sartorio, C., La Cascia, C., Seminerio, F., Sideli, L., et al. (2015). Working Memory, Jumping to Conclusions and Emotion Recognition: a Possible Link in First Episode Psychosis (Fep). In The 23rd European Congress of Psychiatry (EPA 2015) (pp.918-918). Elsevier [10.1016/S0924-9338(15)31965-9].
Proceedings (atti dei congressi)
Tripoli, G.; Loi, E.; Sartorio, C.; La Cascia, C.; Seminerio, F.; Sideli, L.; Marinaro, A.; Ferraro, L.; Mulè, A.; La Barbera, D.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0924933815319659-main.pdf

accesso aperto

Dimensione 79.59 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
79.59 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/238304
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact