Purpose: To evaluate the performance of periscope and/or chimney grafts (CPGs) in the endovascular treatment of pararenal or thoracoabdominal aneurysms using off-the-shelf devices. Methods: Between February 2002 and August 2012, 77 consecutive patients (62 men; mean age 7369 years) suffering from pararenal aortic (n¼55), thoracoabdominal (n¼16), or arch to visceral artery aneurysms (n¼6) were treated with aortic stent-graft implantation requiring chimney and/or periscope grafts to maintain side branch perfusion. CPGs were planned in advance and were not used as bailout. A standardized follow-up protocol including computed tomographic angiography, laboratory testing, and clinical examination was performed at 6 weeks; 3, 6, and 12 months; and annually thereafter. Results: Technical success was achieved in 76 (99%) patients; 1 branch stent-graft became dislocated from a renal artery, which could not be re-accessed. Overall, 169 target vessels (121 renal arteries, 30 superior mesenteric arteries, 17 celiac trunks, and 1 inferior mesenteric artery) were addressed with the chimney graft configuration in 111 and the periscope graft configuration in 58. In total, 228 devices were used for the CPGs: 213 Viabahn stent-grafts and 15 bare metal stents. Over a mean 25616 months (range 1–121), 9 patients died of unrelated causes. Nearly all (95%) of the patients demonstrated a decreased or stable aneurysm size on imaging; there was a mean 13% shrinkage in aneurysm diameter. Twenty patients had primary type I/III endoleaks at discharge; in follow-up, only 3 of these were still present (no secondary or recurrent endoleaks were noted). Additional endovascular maneuvers were required for CPG-related complications in 13 patients fromintervention throughout follow-up. Overall, 4 CPGs occluded (98% target vessel patency); no stent-graft migration was observed. Renal function remained stable in all patients. Conclusion: In this series, the use of CPGs has proven to be a feasible, safe, and effective way to treat thoracoabdominal and pararenal aneurysms with maintenance of blood flow to the renovisceral arteries. Nearly all of the aneurysms showed no increase in diameter over a .2- year mean follow-up, which supports the midterm adequacy of the CPG technique as a method to effectively revascularize branch vessels with few endoleaks or branch occlusions.

Lachat M, Veith FJ, Pfammatter T, Glenck M, Bettex D, Mayer D, et al. (2013). Chimney and Periscope Grafts Observed Over 2 Years After Their Use to Revascularize 169 Renovisceral Branches in 77 Patients With Complex Aortic Aneurysms. JOURNAL OF ENDOVASCULAR THERAPY, 20, 597-605.

Chimney and Periscope Grafts Observed Over 2 Years After Their Use to Revascularize 169 Renovisceral Branches in 77 Patients With Complex Aortic Aneurysms

PECORARO, Felice
2013

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the performance of periscope and/or chimney grafts (CPGs) in the endovascular treatment of pararenal or thoracoabdominal aneurysms using off-the-shelf devices. Methods: Between February 2002 and August 2012, 77 consecutive patients (62 men; mean age 7369 years) suffering from pararenal aortic (n¼55), thoracoabdominal (n¼16), or arch to visceral artery aneurysms (n¼6) were treated with aortic stent-graft implantation requiring chimney and/or periscope grafts to maintain side branch perfusion. CPGs were planned in advance and were not used as bailout. A standardized follow-up protocol including computed tomographic angiography, laboratory testing, and clinical examination was performed at 6 weeks; 3, 6, and 12 months; and annually thereafter. Results: Technical success was achieved in 76 (99%) patients; 1 branch stent-graft became dislocated from a renal artery, which could not be re-accessed. Overall, 169 target vessels (121 renal arteries, 30 superior mesenteric arteries, 17 celiac trunks, and 1 inferior mesenteric artery) were addressed with the chimney graft configuration in 111 and the periscope graft configuration in 58. In total, 228 devices were used for the CPGs: 213 Viabahn stent-grafts and 15 bare metal stents. Over a mean 25616 months (range 1–121), 9 patients died of unrelated causes. Nearly all (95%) of the patients demonstrated a decreased or stable aneurysm size on imaging; there was a mean 13% shrinkage in aneurysm diameter. Twenty patients had primary type I/III endoleaks at discharge; in follow-up, only 3 of these were still present (no secondary or recurrent endoleaks were noted). Additional endovascular maneuvers were required for CPG-related complications in 13 patients fromintervention throughout follow-up. Overall, 4 CPGs occluded (98% target vessel patency); no stent-graft migration was observed. Renal function remained stable in all patients. Conclusion: In this series, the use of CPGs has proven to be a feasible, safe, and effective way to treat thoracoabdominal and pararenal aneurysms with maintenance of blood flow to the renovisceral arteries. Nearly all of the aneurysms showed no increase in diameter over a .2- year mean follow-up, which supports the midterm adequacy of the CPG technique as a method to effectively revascularize branch vessels with few endoleaks or branch occlusions.
Settore MED/22 - Chirurgia Vascolare
Lachat M, Veith FJ, Pfammatter T, Glenck M, Bettex D, Mayer D, et al. (2013). Chimney and Periscope Grafts Observed Over 2 Years After Their Use to Revascularize 169 Renovisceral Branches in 77 Patients With Complex Aortic Aneurysms. JOURNAL OF ENDOVASCULAR THERAPY, 20, 597-605.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
39_2013_77 pts CHIMPS_JEVT.pdf

non disponibili

Dimensione 424.75 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
424.75 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/99625
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 12
  • Scopus 95
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 84
social impact