Sixteen bottled waters of various Sicilian brands, 11 natural mineral waters and five normal drinking waters, were analyzed for major and trace inorganic components by ion chromatography (IC) and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), respectively. The bottled waters represent a variety of water types with significantly different compositions in terms of salinity, major components and trace elements. Chemically, they range from Ca–HCO3 and Ca–SO4 to Na–HCO3 types. Total dissolved solids ranges from 54 to 433 mg/L, total hardness from 25 to 238 mg/L CaCO3, and measured Na content from 5.7 to 57 mg/L. According to total dissolved ions, all the bottled waters were classified as oligomineral (50 < TDS < 500 mg/L). All the bottled waters analyzed here had elemental concentrations which did not exceed the guideline and directive values, although a high concentration of Al was noted for one bottled water (O7, central Sicily) and high Rb and V in a bottled water (O1) from the Etna volcanic area. With regard to trace elements, the chemical quality of bottled waters was assessed by a metal index (MI). Chemical characteristics were compared with 10 tap water samples from private houses or public places, representative of the public water supply in Palermo, the largest and most densely populated city in Sicily. The municipal waters analyzed, belonging to HCO3-alkaline earth and Cl–SO4-alkaline earth waters, showed concentrations of chemical inorganic components well within drinking water limits. The data also indicated that the water supplied by the municipal authority is of fair quality, although fairly hard and high in Na concentration. Several considerations indicate that there is no sufficient reason to prefer bottled waters to tap waters.

Varrica, D., Tamburo, E., & Dongarrà G (2013). Sicilian bottled natural waters: Major and trace inorganic components. APPLIED GEOCHEMISTRY, 34(34), 102-113 [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2013.02.017,].

Sicilian bottled natural waters: Major and trace inorganic components

VARRICA, Daniela;TAMBURO, Elisa;DONGARRA', Gaetano
2013

Abstract

Sixteen bottled waters of various Sicilian brands, 11 natural mineral waters and five normal drinking waters, were analyzed for major and trace inorganic components by ion chromatography (IC) and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), respectively. The bottled waters represent a variety of water types with significantly different compositions in terms of salinity, major components and trace elements. Chemically, they range from Ca–HCO3 and Ca–SO4 to Na–HCO3 types. Total dissolved solids ranges from 54 to 433 mg/L, total hardness from 25 to 238 mg/L CaCO3, and measured Na content from 5.7 to 57 mg/L. According to total dissolved ions, all the bottled waters were classified as oligomineral (50 < TDS < 500 mg/L). All the bottled waters analyzed here had elemental concentrations which did not exceed the guideline and directive values, although a high concentration of Al was noted for one bottled water (O7, central Sicily) and high Rb and V in a bottled water (O1) from the Etna volcanic area. With regard to trace elements, the chemical quality of bottled waters was assessed by a metal index (MI). Chemical characteristics were compared with 10 tap water samples from private houses or public places, representative of the public water supply in Palermo, the largest and most densely populated city in Sicily. The municipal waters analyzed, belonging to HCO3-alkaline earth and Cl–SO4-alkaline earth waters, showed concentrations of chemical inorganic components well within drinking water limits. The data also indicated that the water supplied by the municipal authority is of fair quality, although fairly hard and high in Na concentration. Several considerations indicate that there is no sufficient reason to prefer bottled waters to tap waters.
Settore GEO/08 - Geochimica E Vulcanologia
Varrica, D., Tamburo, E., & Dongarrà G (2013). Sicilian bottled natural waters: Major and trace inorganic components. APPLIED GEOCHEMISTRY, 34(34), 102-113 [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2013.02.017,].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/81646
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