In systems experiencing water scarcity and consequent intermittent supply, users often adopt private tanks that collect water during service periods and supply users when the service is not available. The tank may be fed by gravity or by private pumping stations depending on the network pressure level. Once water resources are collected, the tank can supply users by gravity if it is located on the rooftop or by additional pumping if underground. Private tanks thus increase the energy cost of the water supply service for users by introducing several small pumping structures inside the network. The present paper aims to evaluate this users’ energy cost for different private tank configurations. A real case study was analysed, and the results showed that intermittent distribution causes inequalities not only in users’ access to water resource but also costs that users have to bear to have access to water.

Fontanazza, C.M., Freni, G., La Loggia, G., Notaro, V., & Puleo, V. (2013). Evaluation of water scarcity energy cost for users. ENERGIES, 6(1), 220-234 [10.3390/en6010220].

Evaluation of water scarcity energy cost for users

LA LOGGIA, Goffredo;NOTARO, Vincenza;PULEO, Valeria
2013

Abstract

In systems experiencing water scarcity and consequent intermittent supply, users often adopt private tanks that collect water during service periods and supply users when the service is not available. The tank may be fed by gravity or by private pumping stations depending on the network pressure level. Once water resources are collected, the tank can supply users by gravity if it is located on the rooftop or by additional pumping if underground. Private tanks thus increase the energy cost of the water supply service for users by introducing several small pumping structures inside the network. The present paper aims to evaluate this users’ energy cost for different private tank configurations. A real case study was analysed, and the results showed that intermittent distribution causes inequalities not only in users’ access to water resource but also costs that users have to bear to have access to water.
http://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/6/1/220
Fontanazza, C.M., Freni, G., La Loggia, G., Notaro, V., & Puleo, V. (2013). Evaluation of water scarcity energy cost for users. ENERGIES, 6(1), 220-234 [10.3390/en6010220].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/73719
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