The polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) additivated polystyrene (PS) based nanocomposites were prepared by melt processing and the structure-properties relationships of the POSS-PS systems were compared to those of the neat PS. In order to investigate the effect of these structural parameters on the final properties of the polymer nanocomposites, five different kinds of POSS samples were used, in particular, POSS with different inorganic cage and with different organic pendent groups. The rheological investigation suggests clearly that the POSS acts as a plasticizer and that the processability of the PS was positively modified. The affinity between the POSS samples and the PS matrix was estimated by the calculated theoretical solubility parameters, considering the Hoy’s method and by morphology analysis. Minor difference between the solubility parameter of POSS and the matrix means better compatibility and no aggregation tendency. Furthermore, the POSS loading leads to a decrease of the rigidity, of the glass transition temperature and of the damping factor of the nanocomposite systems. The loading of different POSS molecules with open cage leads to a more pronounced effect on all the investigated properties that the loading of the POSS molecules with closed cage. Moreover, the melt properties are significantly influenced by the type of inorganic framework, by the type of the pendent organic groups and by the interaction between the POSS organic groups and the host matrix, while, the solid state properties appears to be influenced more by the kind of cage.

Dintcheva, N.T., Morici, E., Arrigo, R., La Mantia, F.P., Malatesta, V., & Schwab, J.J. (2012). Structure-properties relationships of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) filled PS nanocomposites. EXPRESS POLYMER LETTERS, 6, 561-571 [10.3144/expresspolymlett.2012.59].

Structure-properties relationships of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) filled PS nanocomposites

DINTCHEVA, Nadka Tzankova;MORICI, Elisabetta;ARRIGO, Rossella;LA MANTIA, Francesco Paolo;
2012

Abstract

The polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) additivated polystyrene (PS) based nanocomposites were prepared by melt processing and the structure-properties relationships of the POSS-PS systems were compared to those of the neat PS. In order to investigate the effect of these structural parameters on the final properties of the polymer nanocomposites, five different kinds of POSS samples were used, in particular, POSS with different inorganic cage and with different organic pendent groups. The rheological investigation suggests clearly that the POSS acts as a plasticizer and that the processability of the PS was positively modified. The affinity between the POSS samples and the PS matrix was estimated by the calculated theoretical solubility parameters, considering the Hoy’s method and by morphology analysis. Minor difference between the solubility parameter of POSS and the matrix means better compatibility and no aggregation tendency. Furthermore, the POSS loading leads to a decrease of the rigidity, of the glass transition temperature and of the damping factor of the nanocomposite systems. The loading of different POSS molecules with open cage leads to a more pronounced effect on all the investigated properties that the loading of the POSS molecules with closed cage. Moreover, the melt properties are significantly influenced by the type of inorganic framework, by the type of the pendent organic groups and by the interaction between the POSS organic groups and the host matrix, while, the solid state properties appears to be influenced more by the kind of cage.
Dintcheva, N.T., Morici, E., Arrigo, R., La Mantia, F.P., Malatesta, V., & Schwab, J.J. (2012). Structure-properties relationships of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) filled PS nanocomposites. EXPRESS POLYMER LETTERS, 6, 561-571 [10.3144/expresspolymlett.2012.59].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/73574
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