Background and Aims: Current histological scoring systems do not subclassify cirrhosis. Computer-assisted digital image analysis (DIA) of Sirius Red-stained sections measures fibrosis morphologically producing a fibrosis ratio (collagen proportionate area [CPA]). CPA could have prognostic value within a disease stage, such as cirrhosis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate CPA in patients with recurrent hepatitis C virus (HCV) allograft cirrhosis and assess its relationship with hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG). Methods: In 121 consecutively-transplanted HCV patients with HVPG, measured contemporaneously with transjugular liver biopsies, 65 had Ishak stage 5 or 6 disease (43 with HVPG measurement). Biopsies were stained with Sirius Red for DIA, and the collagen content was expressed as a CPA. In three cases, a tissue for Sirius Red staining was not obtained, and the patients were excluded. Results: Sixty-two patients were analyzed. The median HVPG was 8mmHg (interquartile range [IQR]: 5-10). Portal hypertension (HVPG ≥6<10mmHg) was present in 30 (69.8%), and HVPG ≥10mmHg in 13 (30.2%). The median CPA was 16% (IQR 10.75-23.25). Median Child-Pugh score and HVPG were not significantly different between Ishak fibrosis stage 5 or 6, whereas CPA was statistically different: 13% in stage 5 (IQR 8.3-12.4) versus 23% in stage 6 (IQR 17-33.7, P<0.001). In the multivariate analysis, CPA was the only variable significantly associated with clinically-significant portal hypertension (HVPG ≥10mmHg, odds ratio: 1.085, confidence interval: 1.004-1.172, P=0.040). A CPA of 14% was the best cut-off value for clinically-significant portal hypertension (CSPH) and liver decompensation, which occurred in 24 patients. Event-free survival was significantly shorter in patients with CSPH or with a CPA value ≥14%, or with a combination of both. Conclusion: In Ishak stages 5 and 6, CPA correlated with HVPG, but had a wider range of values, suggesting a greater sensitivity for distinguishing "early" from "late" severe fibrosis/cirrhosis. CPA was a unique, independent predictor of HVPG ≥10mmHg. CPA can be used to subclassify cirrhosis and for prognostic stratification. © 2012 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

Calvaruso, V., Dhillon, A.P., Tsochatzis, E., Manousou, P., Grillo, F., Germani, G., et al. (2012). Liver collagen proportionate area predicts decompensation in patients with recurrent hepatitis C virus cirrhosis after liver transplantation. JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY, 27(7), 1227-1232 [10.1111/j.1440-1746.2012.07136.x].

Liver collagen proportionate area predicts decompensation in patients with recurrent hepatitis C virus cirrhosis after liver transplantation

CALVARUSO, Vincenza;
2012

Abstract

Background and Aims: Current histological scoring systems do not subclassify cirrhosis. Computer-assisted digital image analysis (DIA) of Sirius Red-stained sections measures fibrosis morphologically producing a fibrosis ratio (collagen proportionate area [CPA]). CPA could have prognostic value within a disease stage, such as cirrhosis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate CPA in patients with recurrent hepatitis C virus (HCV) allograft cirrhosis and assess its relationship with hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG). Methods: In 121 consecutively-transplanted HCV patients with HVPG, measured contemporaneously with transjugular liver biopsies, 65 had Ishak stage 5 or 6 disease (43 with HVPG measurement). Biopsies were stained with Sirius Red for DIA, and the collagen content was expressed as a CPA. In three cases, a tissue for Sirius Red staining was not obtained, and the patients were excluded. Results: Sixty-two patients were analyzed. The median HVPG was 8mmHg (interquartile range [IQR]: 5-10). Portal hypertension (HVPG ≥6<10mmHg) was present in 30 (69.8%), and HVPG ≥10mmHg in 13 (30.2%). The median CPA was 16% (IQR 10.75-23.25). Median Child-Pugh score and HVPG were not significantly different between Ishak fibrosis stage 5 or 6, whereas CPA was statistically different: 13% in stage 5 (IQR 8.3-12.4) versus 23% in stage 6 (IQR 17-33.7, P<0.001). In the multivariate analysis, CPA was the only variable significantly associated with clinically-significant portal hypertension (HVPG ≥10mmHg, odds ratio: 1.085, confidence interval: 1.004-1.172, P=0.040). A CPA of 14% was the best cut-off value for clinically-significant portal hypertension (CSPH) and liver decompensation, which occurred in 24 patients. Event-free survival was significantly shorter in patients with CSPH or with a CPA value ≥14%, or with a combination of both. Conclusion: In Ishak stages 5 and 6, CPA correlated with HVPG, but had a wider range of values, suggesting a greater sensitivity for distinguishing "early" from "late" severe fibrosis/cirrhosis. CPA was a unique, independent predictor of HVPG ≥10mmHg. CPA can be used to subclassify cirrhosis and for prognostic stratification. © 2012 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
Calvaruso, V., Dhillon, A.P., Tsochatzis, E., Manousou, P., Grillo, F., Germani, G., et al. (2012). Liver collagen proportionate area predicts decompensation in patients with recurrent hepatitis C virus cirrhosis after liver transplantation. JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY, 27(7), 1227-1232 [10.1111/j.1440-1746.2012.07136.x].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/73460
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