Fish oil and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) belong to a popular class of food supplements known as "fat supplements", which are claimed to reduce muscle glycogen breakdown, reduce body mass, as well as reduce muscle damage and inflammatory responses. Sport athletes consume fish oil and CLA mainly to increase lean body mass and reduce body fat. Recent evidence indicates that this kind of supplementation may have other side-effects and a new role has been identified in steroidogenensis. Preliminary findings demonstrate that fish oil and CLA may induce a physiological increase in testosterone synthesis. The aim of this review is to describe the effects of fish oil and CLA on physical performance (endurance and resistance exercise), and highlight the new results on the effects on testosterone biosynthesis. In view of these new data, we can hypothesize that fat supplements may improve the anabolic effect of exercise.

Macaluso, F., Barone, R., Catanese, P., Carini, F., Rizzuto, L., Farina, F., et al. (2013). Do fat supplements increase physical performance?. NUTRIENTS, 5(7), 509-524 [10.3390/nu5020509].

Do fat supplements increase physical performance?

BARONE, Rosario;CARINI, Francesco;RIZZUTO, Luigi;FARINA, Felicia;DI FELICE, Valentina
2013-01-01

Abstract

Fish oil and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) belong to a popular class of food supplements known as "fat supplements", which are claimed to reduce muscle glycogen breakdown, reduce body mass, as well as reduce muscle damage and inflammatory responses. Sport athletes consume fish oil and CLA mainly to increase lean body mass and reduce body fat. Recent evidence indicates that this kind of supplementation may have other side-effects and a new role has been identified in steroidogenensis. Preliminary findings demonstrate that fish oil and CLA may induce a physiological increase in testosterone synthesis. The aim of this review is to describe the effects of fish oil and CLA on physical performance (endurance and resistance exercise), and highlight the new results on the effects on testosterone biosynthesis. In view of these new data, we can hypothesize that fat supplements may improve the anabolic effect of exercise.
Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana
http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/5/2/509
Macaluso, F., Barone, R., Catanese, P., Carini, F., Rizzuto, L., Farina, F., et al. (2013). Do fat supplements increase physical performance?. NUTRIENTS, 5(7), 509-524 [10.3390/nu5020509].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Macaluso nutrients 2013.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: full article
Dimensione 719.09 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
719.09 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/73064
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 23
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 22
social impact