Pro-inflammatory cytokine, i.e., IL-1 mediate the inflammatory response and are genetically regulated in periodontal diseases. Strong association was found between the composite genotype allele 2 of IL-1β+3954 and IL-1α-889 and severe chronic periodontitis. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of IL-1β+3954 and IL-1α-889 polymorphism in a group of Lebanese individuals of homogeneous ethnicity and the possible association between genotype positive individuals and the severity of periodontal disease. One hundred and fifty-seven patients aged 53.29±13.13 years participated in the study. Subjects were classified as follows: 1) healthy subjects with no attachment loss >1mm and no clinical signs of gingival or periodontal inflammation; 2) diseased subjects with mild periodontitis (less than 15% of global periodontal bone loss); 3) subjects with moderate periodontitis (less than 4 interproximal sites with bone loss = or >50% and mean bone loss between 15 and 30%); 4) subjects with severe periodontitis (more than 7 interproximal sites with >50% bone loss and mean bone loss >35%). Blood samples were taken and analyzed for polymorphism in the IL-1α gene at position +4845 and in the IL-1β gene at position +3953. Statistical analysis was performed using chi-square test, Fisher Exact test, and ANOVA followed by Bonferroni multiple comparisons. The prevalence of genotype-positive subjects was 52.3% in the healthy control group and 42 % in the diseased group. Positive genotype heterozygous of allele 1 and 2 for IL-1β+3954 and IL-1α-889 did not represent in this study a major risk for chronic periodontitis (p=0.590). Only subjects homozygous for allele2 of the IL-1β+3954 and IL-1a-889 were significantly more at risk for severe periodontitis with OR of 51.42.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Titolo:||Prevalence of IL-1B+3954 and IL-1a-889 Polymorphisms in The lebanese Population and its association with the severity of adult chronic periodontitis|
|Citazione:||Tawil, G., Akl, F., Dagher, M., Karam, W., Abdallah Hajj Hussein, I., Leone, A., et al. (2012). Prevalence of IL-1B+3954 and IL-1a-889 Polymorphisms in The lebanese Population and its association with the severity of adult chronic periodontitis. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL REGULATORS & HOMEOSTATIC AGENTS, 26(4), 585-594.|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/17 - Istologia|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.01 Articolo in rivista|