High-resolution pollen, macrofossil and charcoal data, combined with accelerator mass spectrometry 14C dating and multivariate analysis, were used to reconstruct Holocene vegetation and fire dynamics at Urio Quattrocchi, a small lake in the supra-mediterranean belt in the Nebrodi Mountains of Sicily (Italy). The data suggest that after 10 000 cal a BP increasing moisture availability supported closed forests with deciduous (Quercus cerris, Fagus sylvatica and Fraxinus spp.) and evergreen (Quercus ilex) species. Species-rich closed forest persisted until 6850 cal a BP, when Neolithic activities caused a forest decline and affected plant diversity. Secondary forest with abundant Ilex aquifolium recovered between 6650 and 6000 cal a BP, indicating moist conditions. From 5000 cal a BP, agriculture and pastoralism led to the currently fragmented landscape with sparse deciduous forests (Quercus cerris). The study suggests that evergreen broadleaved species were more important at elevations above 1000m a.s.l. before ca. 5000 cal a BP than subsequently. Despite human impact since Neolithic times, deciduous supramediterranean forests were never completely displaced from the Nebrodi Mountains, because of favourable moist conditions that persisted throughout the Holocene. Reconstructed vegetation dynamics document the absence of any pronounced mid- or late-Holocene ‘aridification’ trend at the site, an issue which is controversially debated in Italy and the Mediterranean region.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Titolo:||Holocene vegetation and fire dynamics in the supra-mediterranean belt of the Nebrodi Mountains (Sicily, Italy).|
|Citazione:||Bisculum, M., Colombaroli, D., Vescovi, E., van Leeuwen, J., Henne, P., Rothen, J., et al. (2012). Holocene vegetation and fire dynamics in the supra-mediterranean belt of the Nebrodi Mountains (Sicily, Italy). JOURNAL OF QUATERNARY SCIENCE, 27(7), 687-698.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||DOI: 10.1002/jqs.2551|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/05 - Assestamento Forestale E Selvicoltura|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.01 Articolo in rivista|