Background In this study, we explored the accuracy of two new sepsis biomarkers, monocyte distribution width (MDW) and presepsin (PSP), compared to traditional ones, C-reactive protein (CRP) and Procalcitonin (PCT), to identify sepsis and predict intra-hospital mortality by analyzing their kinetic at different time points during hospitalization stay.Methods We enrolled 104 patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of University Hospital "Paolo Giaccone", Palermo. Among these, 30 (29%) had a clinical diagnosis of sepsis. MDW, PCT, CRP, and PSP were evaluated at admission (T0), after 24 h (T24), 48 h (T48), 72 h (T72), at day 5 (T5), and at discharge (TD).Results Patients with sepsis displayed higher levels of PCT and PSP than patients without sepsis at each timepoint; differently, CRP displayed statistically significant differences only at T0, while MDW only at T0 and T24. Patients with increasing levels of PSP displayed lower median survival time than patients with decreasing levels; differences reached statistical significance only at 48 h (20 vs. 29 days, log rank test, p = 0.046). Interestingly, PSP was an independent predictor of ICU mortality at 48 and 72 h after hospital admission. Also, the kinetic of PSP had prognostic value, with increased values at 48 h after admission being associated with reduced survival.Conclusion Our findings support the role of PSP and its kinetic as a predictor of ICU mortality.

Agnello, L., Ciaccio, A.M., Ben, F.D., Gambino, C.M., Scazzone, C., Giglia, A., et al. (2024). Clinical usefulness of presepsin and monocyte distribution width (MDW) kinetic for predicting mortality in critically ill patients in intensive care unit. FRONTIERS IN MEDICINE, 11, 1-11 [10.3389/fmed.2024.1393843].

Clinical usefulness of presepsin and monocyte distribution width (MDW) kinetic for predicting mortality in critically ill patients in intensive care unit

Agnello, Luisa
Co-primo
;
Ciaccio, Anna Maria
Co-primo
;
Gambino, Caterina Maria;Scazzone, Concetta;Giglia, Aurora;Biundo, Giuseppe;Cortegiani, Andrea;Sasso, Bruna Lo;Ciaccio, Marcello
Ultimo
2024-05-20

Abstract

Background In this study, we explored the accuracy of two new sepsis biomarkers, monocyte distribution width (MDW) and presepsin (PSP), compared to traditional ones, C-reactive protein (CRP) and Procalcitonin (PCT), to identify sepsis and predict intra-hospital mortality by analyzing their kinetic at different time points during hospitalization stay.Methods We enrolled 104 patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of University Hospital "Paolo Giaccone", Palermo. Among these, 30 (29%) had a clinical diagnosis of sepsis. MDW, PCT, CRP, and PSP were evaluated at admission (T0), after 24 h (T24), 48 h (T48), 72 h (T72), at day 5 (T5), and at discharge (TD).Results Patients with sepsis displayed higher levels of PCT and PSP than patients without sepsis at each timepoint; differently, CRP displayed statistically significant differences only at T0, while MDW only at T0 and T24. Patients with increasing levels of PSP displayed lower median survival time than patients with decreasing levels; differences reached statistical significance only at 48 h (20 vs. 29 days, log rank test, p = 0.046). Interestingly, PSP was an independent predictor of ICU mortality at 48 and 72 h after hospital admission. Also, the kinetic of PSP had prognostic value, with increased values at 48 h after admission being associated with reduced survival.Conclusion Our findings support the role of PSP and its kinetic as a predictor of ICU mortality.
20-mag-2024
Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica E Biologia Molecolare Clinica
Agnello, L., Ciaccio, A.M., Ben, F.D., Gambino, C.M., Scazzone, C., Giglia, A., et al. (2024). Clinical usefulness of presepsin and monocyte distribution width (MDW) kinetic for predicting mortality in critically ill patients in intensive care unit. FRONTIERS IN MEDICINE, 11, 1-11 [10.3389/fmed.2024.1393843].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/640317
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