INTRODUCTION: A Doppler ultrasound (US) of the scrotum is commonly used to improve the diagnostic confidence for testicular torsion in an emergency setting. However, the sensitivity of this investigation to identify torsion varies largely. This is due, in part, to a lack of guidelines on how-to perform the US and therefore training is necessary.EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The Scrotal and Penile Imaging Working Group of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR-SPIWG) and the Section of Urological Imaging of the European Association of Urology (ESUI) established a joint panel of experts to standardize Doppler US investigation of patients with testicular torsion. The panel reviewed the available literature, identified accumulated knowledge and limitations, and released recommendations on how-to perform Doppler US in patients with acute scrotal pain.EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Diagnosis of testicular torsion is based on clinical evaluation and investigation of the cord, the testis, and the paratesticular structures. A preliminary clinical evaluation, including history and palpation, is neces-sary. Grey scale US, color Doppler US and spectral analysis must be performed by a sonologist with at least level 2 competence. Modern equipment with adequate grey-scale and Doppler capabilities are required.CONCLUSIONS: Standardization of Doppler US in suspicious testicular torsion is presented, with the aim to obtain comparable results among different centres, prevent unnecessary operations, and improve patient management.(Cite this article as: Bertolotto M, Salomon G, Pavan N, Martino P, Dogra VS, Sidhu P, et al.; Scrotal and Penile Imaging working group of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR-SPIWG); Section of Urological Imaging of the European Association of Urology (ESUI). Testicular torsion: an avascular testis at color Doppler ultrasound is not enough to prove the diagnosis.

Bertolotto, M., Salomon, G., Pavan, N., Martino, P., Dogra, V.S., Sidhu, P., et al. (2023). Testicular torsion: an avascular testis at color Doppler ultrasound is not enough to prove the diagnosis. MINERVA UROLOGY AND NEPHROLOGY, 75(3), 289-296 [10.23736/S2724-6051.23.04925-X].

Testicular torsion: an avascular testis at color Doppler ultrasound is not enough to prove the diagnosis

Pavan, Nicola
;
2023-06-01

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: A Doppler ultrasound (US) of the scrotum is commonly used to improve the diagnostic confidence for testicular torsion in an emergency setting. However, the sensitivity of this investigation to identify torsion varies largely. This is due, in part, to a lack of guidelines on how-to perform the US and therefore training is necessary.EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The Scrotal and Penile Imaging Working Group of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR-SPIWG) and the Section of Urological Imaging of the European Association of Urology (ESUI) established a joint panel of experts to standardize Doppler US investigation of patients with testicular torsion. The panel reviewed the available literature, identified accumulated knowledge and limitations, and released recommendations on how-to perform Doppler US in patients with acute scrotal pain.EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Diagnosis of testicular torsion is based on clinical evaluation and investigation of the cord, the testis, and the paratesticular structures. A preliminary clinical evaluation, including history and palpation, is neces-sary. Grey scale US, color Doppler US and spectral analysis must be performed by a sonologist with at least level 2 competence. Modern equipment with adequate grey-scale and Doppler capabilities are required.CONCLUSIONS: Standardization of Doppler US in suspicious testicular torsion is presented, with the aim to obtain comparable results among different centres, prevent unnecessary operations, and improve patient management.(Cite this article as: Bertolotto M, Salomon G, Pavan N, Martino P, Dogra VS, Sidhu P, et al.; Scrotal and Penile Imaging working group of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR-SPIWG); Section of Urological Imaging of the European Association of Urology (ESUI). Testicular torsion: an avascular testis at color Doppler ultrasound is not enough to prove the diagnosis.
giu-2023
Bertolotto, M., Salomon, G., Pavan, N., Martino, P., Dogra, V.S., Sidhu, P., et al. (2023). Testicular torsion: an avascular testis at color Doppler ultrasound is not enough to prove the diagnosis. MINERVA UROLOGY AND NEPHROLOGY, 75(3), 289-296 [10.23736/S2724-6051.23.04925-X].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/640244
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