Background: Apigenin, a common edible plant flavonoid, is a well characterised antioxidant. The adipokine leptin exerts proliferative and anti-apoptotic activities in a variety of cell types. In cancer cells, apigenin may induce a pro-apoptotic pathway whereas leptin has an anti-apoptotic role. The purpose of the study is to investigate the role of apigenin and of leptin/leptin receptor pathway on proliferation and on apoptosis in lung adenocarcinoma. Methods: Immunocytochemistry, flow cytometry and RT-q-RT PCR, were used to investigate the expression and modulation of leptin receptors on the lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 in presence or absence of apigenin and of leptin, alone or combined. Clonogenic test to evaluate cell proliferation was assessed. Exogenous leptin binding to its receptors by flow cytometry, reactive oxygen species (ROS) by dichlorofluorescein diacetate analysis, cell death by ethidium bromide and apoptosis by annexin V analysis were assessed. Apoptosis was assessed also in presence of lung adenocarcinoma pleural fluids (PF) (n = 6). Results: A549 express leptin/leptin receptor pathway and its expression is upregulated by apigenin. Apigenin alone or combined with leptin significantly decreases cell proliferation and significantly increases the spontaneous release of ROS, with augmented cell death and apoptosis, this latter also in the presence of lung adenocarcinoma PF. Leptin alone significantly increases cell proliferation and significantly decreases cell death. Conclusions: These results strongly suggest the potential utility of the flavonoid apigenin in the complementary therapeutic approach of patients with lung adenocarcinoma.
Bruno, A., Siena, L., Gerbino, S., Ferraro, M., Chanez, P., Giammanco, M., et al. (2011). Apigenin affects leptin/leptin receptor pathway and induces cell apoptosis in lung adenocarcinoma cell line. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CANCER, 47(47), 2042-2051 [10.1016/j.ejca.2011.03.034].
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Titolo:||Apigenin affects leptin/leptin receptor pathway and induces cell apoptosis in lung adenocarcinoma cell line|
|Citazione:||Bruno, A., Siena, L., Gerbino, S., Ferraro, M., Chanez, P., Giammanco, M., et al. (2011). Apigenin affects leptin/leptin receptor pathway and induces cell apoptosis in lung adenocarcinoma cell line. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CANCER, 47(47), 2042-2051 [10.1016/j.ejca.2011.03.034].|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2011.03.034|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
Settore MED/10 - Malattie Dell'Apparato Respiratorio
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.01 Articolo in rivista|