: Background Both Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) and histopathologic features provide prognostic information in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but whether LI-RADS is independently associated with survival is uncertain. Purpose To assess the association of LI-RADS categories and features with survival outcomes in patients with solitary resected HCC. Materials and Methods This retrospective study included patients with solitary resected HCC from three institutions examined with preoperative contrast-enhanced CT and/or MRI between January 2008 and December 2019. Three independent readers evaluated the LI-RADS version 2018 categories and features. Histopathologic features including World Health Organization tumor grade, microvascular and macrovascular invasion, satellite nodules, and tumor capsule were recorded. Overall survival and disease-free survival were assessed with Cox regression models. Marginal effects of nontargetoid features on survival were estimated using propensity score matching. Results A total of 360 patients (median age, 64 years [IQR, 56-70 years]; 280 male patients) were included. At CT and MRI, the LI-RADS LR-M category was associated with increased risk of recurrence (CT: hazard ratio [HR] = 1.83 [95% CI: 1.26, 2.66], P = .001; MRI: HR = 2.22 [95% CI: 1.56, 3.16], P < .001) and death (CT: HR = 2.47 [95% CI: 1.72, 3.55], P < .001; MRI: HR = 1.80 [95% CI: 1.32, 2.46], P < .001) independently of histopathologic features. The presence of at least one nontargetoid feature was associated with an increased risk of recurrence (CT: HR = 1.80 [95% CI: 1.36, 2.38], P < .001; MRI: HR = 1.93 [95% CI: 1.81, 2.06], P < .001) and death (CT: HR = 1.51 [95% CI: 1.10, 2.07], P < .010) independently of histopathologic features. In matched samples, recurrence was associated with the presence of at least one nontargetoid feature at CT (HR = 2.06 [95% CI: 1.15, 3.66]; P = .02) or MRI (HR = 1.79 [95% CI: 1.01, 3.20]; P = .048). Conclusion In patients with solitary resected HCC, LR-M category and nontargetoid features were negatively associated with survival independently of histopathologic characteristics. © RSNA, 2024 Supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Kartalis and Grigoriadis in this issue.

Cannella R., Matteini F., Burgio M.D., Sartoris R., Beaufrère A., Calderaro J., et al. (2024). Association of LI-RADS and Histopathologic Features with Survival in Patients with Solitary Resected Hepatocellular Carcinoma. RADIOLOGY, 310(2), 1-14 [10.1148/radiol.231160].

Association of LI-RADS and Histopathologic Features with Survival in Patients with Solitary Resected Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Cannella R.
Primo
;
Matteini F.
Secondo
;
2024-02-01

Abstract

: Background Both Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) and histopathologic features provide prognostic information in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but whether LI-RADS is independently associated with survival is uncertain. Purpose To assess the association of LI-RADS categories and features with survival outcomes in patients with solitary resected HCC. Materials and Methods This retrospective study included patients with solitary resected HCC from three institutions examined with preoperative contrast-enhanced CT and/or MRI between January 2008 and December 2019. Three independent readers evaluated the LI-RADS version 2018 categories and features. Histopathologic features including World Health Organization tumor grade, microvascular and macrovascular invasion, satellite nodules, and tumor capsule were recorded. Overall survival and disease-free survival were assessed with Cox regression models. Marginal effects of nontargetoid features on survival were estimated using propensity score matching. Results A total of 360 patients (median age, 64 years [IQR, 56-70 years]; 280 male patients) were included. At CT and MRI, the LI-RADS LR-M category was associated with increased risk of recurrence (CT: hazard ratio [HR] = 1.83 [95% CI: 1.26, 2.66], P = .001; MRI: HR = 2.22 [95% CI: 1.56, 3.16], P < .001) and death (CT: HR = 2.47 [95% CI: 1.72, 3.55], P < .001; MRI: HR = 1.80 [95% CI: 1.32, 2.46], P < .001) independently of histopathologic features. The presence of at least one nontargetoid feature was associated with an increased risk of recurrence (CT: HR = 1.80 [95% CI: 1.36, 2.38], P < .001; MRI: HR = 1.93 [95% CI: 1.81, 2.06], P < .001) and death (CT: HR = 1.51 [95% CI: 1.10, 2.07], P < .010) independently of histopathologic features. In matched samples, recurrence was associated with the presence of at least one nontargetoid feature at CT (HR = 2.06 [95% CI: 1.15, 3.66]; P = .02) or MRI (HR = 1.79 [95% CI: 1.01, 3.20]; P = .048). Conclusion In patients with solitary resected HCC, LR-M category and nontargetoid features were negatively associated with survival independently of histopathologic characteristics. © RSNA, 2024 Supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Kartalis and Grigoriadis in this issue.
feb-2024
Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica Per Immagini E Radioterapia
Cannella R., Matteini F., Burgio M.D., Sartoris R., Beaufrère A., Calderaro J., et al. (2024). Association of LI-RADS and Histopathologic Features with Survival in Patients with Solitary Resected Hepatocellular Carcinoma. RADIOLOGY, 310(2), 1-14 [10.1148/radiol.231160].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/639593
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