Photoluminescent carbon nanoparticles, or carbon dots, are an emerging class of materials that has recently attracted considerable attention for biomedical and energy applications. They are defined by characteristic sizes of <10 nm, a carbon-based core and the possibility to add various functional groups at their surface for targeted applications. These nanomaterials possess many interesting physicochemical and optical properties, which include tunable light emission, dispersibility and low toxicity. In this Review, we categorize how chemical tools impact the properties of carbon dots. We look for pre- and postsynthetic approaches for the preparation of carbon dots and their derivatives or composites. We then showcase examples to correlate structure, composition and function and use them to discuss the future development of this class of nanomaterials.This Review discusses synthetic strategies to functionalize photoluminescent carbon nanomaterials, or carbon dots, for targeted applications.

Ðorđević, L., Arcudi, F., Cacioppo, M., Prato, M. (2022). A multifunctional chemical toolbox to engineer carbon dots for biomedical and energy applications [10.1038/s41565-021-01051-7].

A multifunctional chemical toolbox to engineer carbon dots for biomedical and energy applications

Arcudi, Francesca
;
Cacioppo, Michele
Penultimo
;
2022-02-16

Abstract

Photoluminescent carbon nanoparticles, or carbon dots, are an emerging class of materials that has recently attracted considerable attention for biomedical and energy applications. They are defined by characteristic sizes of <10 nm, a carbon-based core and the possibility to add various functional groups at their surface for targeted applications. These nanomaterials possess many interesting physicochemical and optical properties, which include tunable light emission, dispersibility and low toxicity. In this Review, we categorize how chemical tools impact the properties of carbon dots. We look for pre- and postsynthetic approaches for the preparation of carbon dots and their derivatives or composites. We then showcase examples to correlate structure, composition and function and use them to discuss the future development of this class of nanomaterials.This Review discusses synthetic strategies to functionalize photoluminescent carbon nanomaterials, or carbon dots, for targeted applications.
16-feb-2022
Ðorđević, L., Arcudi, F., Cacioppo, M., Prato, M. (2022). A multifunctional chemical toolbox to engineer carbon dots for biomedical and energy applications [10.1038/s41565-021-01051-7].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2.pdf

Solo gestori archvio

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale
Dimensione 4.66 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
4.66 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/639109
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 390
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 363
social impact