Background and Aims: Hepatic enzyme CYP2E1 is involved in the metabolism of a number of exogenous and endogenous substances (i.e. ethanol, drugs and chemical carcinogens). Being polymorphic, CYP2E1 gene can give different xeno-metabolic capabilities in a population and it is well known that inadequate or no enzymatic deactivation of xenobiotics could induce an increased susceptibility to disease and cancer. In particular, one of the 5 -flanking region polymorphisms, able to differentiate CYP2E1 gene transcriptional activity, is caused by the appearance/disappearance of RsaI and PstI restriction sites, which generates two different alleles, namely *C1(Rsa+/Pst−) and *C2(Rsa−/Pst+) respectively, reported to be in complete linkage disequilibrium. Methods: To confirm the existence of a correlation between some particular CYP2E1 genotypes/haplotypes and hepatocarcinoma, we determined CYP2E1 PstI/RsaI genotypes/haplotypes by RFLP-PCR in a cohort of central western Sicily hepatocarcinoma patients and in a population of healthy students from the same geographic area. Results: In hepatocarcinoma patients, modal genotype association was Rsa++/Pst−−, corresponding to CYP2E1 *C1/*C1 haplotype, whereas the Rsa+−/Pst−+ association, equivalent to CYP2E1 *C1/*C2 haplotype, resulted to have the lowest frequency both in patients and in controls. Moreover, both in patients and in controls, noncanonical genotype associations were frequent and arose from a no-linkage disequilibrium between the two polymorphic sites. Other authors reported this finding as a rare occurrence. Thus, from analysis of only one restriction site, Rsa++ genotype was approximately 1.5-fold more frequent in patients than in controls, and the non-canonical Rsa+− genotype was found relatively frequent in patients. Moreover, HuH7 and HA22T transformed hepatocarcinoma cell lines also showed the Rsa+− genotype. Conclusions: These results suggest that the presence in CYP2E1 genotype of at least one allele with an Rsa I restriction site is correlated with hepatocarcinoma. As this site is known a consensus sequence for some specific CYP gene transcription factors, like HNF-1, it may be supposed that a single nucleotide polymorphism can alter the possibility of HNF-1 to bind CYP2E1 promoter. This could determine a marked change in the transcriptional activity of the gene, incompetence in xenobiotic metabolism or in toxic substance deactivation and an increased susceptibility to neoplastic diseases, such as hepatocarcinoma.

Catanzaro, I., Giacalone, A., Naselli, F., Marasa, L., Saverini, M., Demma, I., et al. (2011). ALLELIC VARIANTS OF CYP2E1 GENE IN HEPATOCARCINOMA PATIENTS AND IN HEPATIC TUMOR CELL LINES. JOURNAL OF HEPATOLOGY, 54(1), S205-S205 [10.1016/S0168-8278(11)60505-9].

ALLELIC VARIANTS OF CYP2E1 GENE IN HEPATOCARCINOMA PATIENTS AND IN HEPATIC TUMOR CELL LINES

CATANZARO, Irene;GIACALONE, Antonio Mario;NASELLI, Flores;SAVERINI, Marghereth;Demma, I;CARADONNA, Fabio;GIANNITRAPANI, Lydia;MONTALTO, Giuseppe
2011-01-01

Abstract

Background and Aims: Hepatic enzyme CYP2E1 is involved in the metabolism of a number of exogenous and endogenous substances (i.e. ethanol, drugs and chemical carcinogens). Being polymorphic, CYP2E1 gene can give different xeno-metabolic capabilities in a population and it is well known that inadequate or no enzymatic deactivation of xenobiotics could induce an increased susceptibility to disease and cancer. In particular, one of the 5 -flanking region polymorphisms, able to differentiate CYP2E1 gene transcriptional activity, is caused by the appearance/disappearance of RsaI and PstI restriction sites, which generates two different alleles, namely *C1(Rsa+/Pst−) and *C2(Rsa−/Pst+) respectively, reported to be in complete linkage disequilibrium. Methods: To confirm the existence of a correlation between some particular CYP2E1 genotypes/haplotypes and hepatocarcinoma, we determined CYP2E1 PstI/RsaI genotypes/haplotypes by RFLP-PCR in a cohort of central western Sicily hepatocarcinoma patients and in a population of healthy students from the same geographic area. Results: In hepatocarcinoma patients, modal genotype association was Rsa++/Pst−−, corresponding to CYP2E1 *C1/*C1 haplotype, whereas the Rsa+−/Pst−+ association, equivalent to CYP2E1 *C1/*C2 haplotype, resulted to have the lowest frequency both in patients and in controls. Moreover, both in patients and in controls, noncanonical genotype associations were frequent and arose from a no-linkage disequilibrium between the two polymorphic sites. Other authors reported this finding as a rare occurrence. Thus, from analysis of only one restriction site, Rsa++ genotype was approximately 1.5-fold more frequent in patients than in controls, and the non-canonical Rsa+− genotype was found relatively frequent in patients. Moreover, HuH7 and HA22T transformed hepatocarcinoma cell lines also showed the Rsa+− genotype. Conclusions: These results suggest that the presence in CYP2E1 genotype of at least one allele with an Rsa I restriction site is correlated with hepatocarcinoma. As this site is known a consensus sequence for some specific CYP gene transcription factors, like HNF-1, it may be supposed that a single nucleotide polymorphism can alter the possibility of HNF-1 to bind CYP2E1 promoter. This could determine a marked change in the transcriptional activity of the gene, incompetence in xenobiotic metabolism or in toxic substance deactivation and an increased susceptibility to neoplastic diseases, such as hepatocarcinoma.
Settore BIO/18 - Genetica
EASL 2011
Berlino
14-16 Aprile
EASL 2011
Catanzaro, I., Giacalone, A., Naselli, F., Marasa, L., Saverini, M., Demma, I., et al. (2011). ALLELIC VARIANTS OF CYP2E1 GENE IN HEPATOCARCINOMA PATIENTS AND IN HEPATIC TUMOR CELL LINES. JOURNAL OF HEPATOLOGY, 54(1), S205-S205 [10.1016/S0168-8278(11)60505-9].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/63850
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