The self-cleaning and super hydrophilic properties of pristine TiO2and of TiO2doped with Er3+or Y3+transparent thin films deposited onto glass substrates were investigated. The thin films prepared by multiple dipping and drying cycles of the glass substrate into the pristine TiO2sol and Er3+or Y3+-doped TiO2sol were characterized by X-ray diffraction, UV-vis spectrophotometry, and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The self-cleaning photocatalytic activity of the thin films towards the removal of oleic acid deposited on the surface under UVA irradiation was evaluated. A remarkable enhancement was observed in the hydrophilic nature of the TiO2thin films under irradiation. The optical properties and wettability of TiO2were not affected by Er3+or Y3+doping. However, the photocatalytic degradation of oleic acid under UVA irradiation improved up to 1.83 or 1.95 fold as the Er3+or Y3+content increased, respectively, due to the enhanced separation of the photogenerated carriers and reduced crystallite size. AFM analysis showed that the surface roughness increased by increasing the Er3+or Y3+content due to the formation of large aggregates. This in turn contributes to the increase of the active surface area enhancing the photodegradation process. This study demonstrates that TiO2doped with low amounts of Er3+or Y3+down to 0.5 mol% can produce transparent, super-hydrophilic, thin film surfaces with remarkable self-cleaning properties.

da Silva Cardoso R., Maria de Amorim S., Scaratti G., Moura-Nickel C.D., Muniz Moreira R.P., Li Puma G., et al. (2020). Structural, optical and photocatalytic properties of erbium (Er3+) and yttrium (Y3+) doped TiO2thin films with remarkable self-cleaning super-hydrophilic properties. RSC ADVANCES, 10(29), 17247-17254 [10.1039/d0ra02242j].

Structural, optical and photocatalytic properties of erbium (Er3+) and yttrium (Y3+) doped TiO2thin films with remarkable self-cleaning super-hydrophilic properties

Li Puma G.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

The self-cleaning and super hydrophilic properties of pristine TiO2and of TiO2doped with Er3+or Y3+transparent thin films deposited onto glass substrates were investigated. The thin films prepared by multiple dipping and drying cycles of the glass substrate into the pristine TiO2sol and Er3+or Y3+-doped TiO2sol were characterized by X-ray diffraction, UV-vis spectrophotometry, and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The self-cleaning photocatalytic activity of the thin films towards the removal of oleic acid deposited on the surface under UVA irradiation was evaluated. A remarkable enhancement was observed in the hydrophilic nature of the TiO2thin films under irradiation. The optical properties and wettability of TiO2were not affected by Er3+or Y3+doping. However, the photocatalytic degradation of oleic acid under UVA irradiation improved up to 1.83 or 1.95 fold as the Er3+or Y3+content increased, respectively, due to the enhanced separation of the photogenerated carriers and reduced crystallite size. AFM analysis showed that the surface roughness increased by increasing the Er3+or Y3+content due to the formation of large aggregates. This in turn contributes to the increase of the active surface area enhancing the photodegradation process. This study demonstrates that TiO2doped with low amounts of Er3+or Y3+down to 0.5 mol% can produce transparent, super-hydrophilic, thin film surfaces with remarkable self-cleaning properties.
2020
da Silva Cardoso R., Maria de Amorim S., Scaratti G., Moura-Nickel C.D., Muniz Moreira R.P., Li Puma G., et al. (2020). Structural, optical and photocatalytic properties of erbium (Er3+) and yttrium (Y3+) doped TiO2thin films with remarkable self-cleaning super-hydrophilic properties. RSC ADVANCES, 10(29), 17247-17254 [10.1039/d0ra02242j].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/638443
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