With the increasing availability of high-resolution satellite and drone images and the Internet of Things (IoT) has begun transforming remote sensing of agriculture by improving accessibility and frequency of updates. Modern IoT-based smart agriculture systems use Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) to gather information from an ecosystem that regulates the quantity of water in agricultural fields could be one of these activities. The WSNs remained a challenge to transfer data to drones for analysis purposes. These are composed of tiny sensory architectures organized together to bring efficiency and scalability features to a network. WSN nodes are controlled and managed by a cluster. It is quite difficult to design an efficient leader election protocol. The computation power, storage space, and energy supply of sensor nodes make them unable to frequently switch to a different cluster. The WSN cluster-head election process requires a lot of energy (evaluation and computational process to select the most appropriate node with the least impact on network fragmentation in energy consumption of selected node). Then it is necessary to formulate a mechanism where WSNs utilize the least energy to coordinate with the remote sensing sources. This study presents a cluster election algorithm using the fuzzy logic inference system. It uses a coordinates system to map network nodes and map them based on prioritized scheduling. Lifetime augmentation in wireless sensor networks has always been of great interest. During data transmission from normal sensor nodes to the base station (sink), excess energy is dissipated. Optimizing the energy dissipation of WSNs through the selection of cluster heads is a powerful way to increase the lifespan. By electing more efficient nodes as cluster heads, the proposed method extends the network's lifetime by reducing the number of unimportant communications between nodes. With the utilization of network resources efficiently, the network's lifetime is extended. The proposed algorithm is evaluated with the LEACH (Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Structure) algorithm and FCA method based on the remaining energy and the number of active nodes. The simulation results show that the proposed algorithm utilizes less energy for communication with remote sensory equipment for intelligent agriculture. The performance of the method improved for remaining energy by 9%, the number of active nodes rate by 24%, and indirectly network resource utilization than other states of the art solutions.

Gheisari, M., Yaraziz, M.S., A Alzubi, J., Fernández-Campusano, C., Reza Feylizadeh, M., Pirasteh, S., et al. (2022). An efficient cluster head selection for wireless sensor network-based smart agriculture systems. COMPUTERS AND ELECTRONICS IN AGRICULTURE, 198 [10.1016/j.compag.2022.107105].

An efficient cluster head selection for wireless sensor network-based smart agriculture systems

Afzaal Abbasi, Aaqif;
2022-01-01

Abstract

With the increasing availability of high-resolution satellite and drone images and the Internet of Things (IoT) has begun transforming remote sensing of agriculture by improving accessibility and frequency of updates. Modern IoT-based smart agriculture systems use Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) to gather information from an ecosystem that regulates the quantity of water in agricultural fields could be one of these activities. The WSNs remained a challenge to transfer data to drones for analysis purposes. These are composed of tiny sensory architectures organized together to bring efficiency and scalability features to a network. WSN nodes are controlled and managed by a cluster. It is quite difficult to design an efficient leader election protocol. The computation power, storage space, and energy supply of sensor nodes make them unable to frequently switch to a different cluster. The WSN cluster-head election process requires a lot of energy (evaluation and computational process to select the most appropriate node with the least impact on network fragmentation in energy consumption of selected node). Then it is necessary to formulate a mechanism where WSNs utilize the least energy to coordinate with the remote sensing sources. This study presents a cluster election algorithm using the fuzzy logic inference system. It uses a coordinates system to map network nodes and map them based on prioritized scheduling. Lifetime augmentation in wireless sensor networks has always been of great interest. During data transmission from normal sensor nodes to the base station (sink), excess energy is dissipated. Optimizing the energy dissipation of WSNs through the selection of cluster heads is a powerful way to increase the lifespan. By electing more efficient nodes as cluster heads, the proposed method extends the network's lifetime by reducing the number of unimportant communications between nodes. With the utilization of network resources efficiently, the network's lifetime is extended. The proposed algorithm is evaluated with the LEACH (Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Structure) algorithm and FCA method based on the remaining energy and the number of active nodes. The simulation results show that the proposed algorithm utilizes less energy for communication with remote sensory equipment for intelligent agriculture. The performance of the method improved for remaining energy by 9%, the number of active nodes rate by 24%, and indirectly network resource utilization than other states of the art solutions.
2022
Gheisari, M., Yaraziz, M.S., A Alzubi, J., Fernández-Campusano, C., Reza Feylizadeh, M., Pirasteh, S., et al. (2022). An efficient cluster head selection for wireless sensor network-based smart agriculture systems. COMPUTERS AND ELECTRONICS IN AGRICULTURE, 198 [10.1016/j.compag.2022.107105].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/638255
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