While individual borides and, more recently, quinary High Entropy Transition Metal Borides have been investigated, the fabrication and characterization of bulk binary to quaternary solid solutions are barely explored. In this work, dense (Hf0.5Zr0.5)B2 is produced by Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) from powders prepared by Self-propagating High-temperature (SHS). SHS produced a multiphase product, whose secondary phases are fully converted into the desired diborides during the subsequent SPS step. Optical properties of (Hf0.5Zr0.5)B2 are evaluated for the first time with focus on the possible use as novel high-temperature solar thermal absorber, by hemispherical reflectance measurements and calculation of solar absorptance, temperature-dependent spectral selectivity and absorber opto-thermal efficiency at various solar concentration ratios. To optimize the material, a chemically etched surface texture was realized to modify the optical properties. The etched sample showed a higher solar absorptance (0.71) and a lower spectral selectivity than the unetched one, with consequent higher opto-thermal efficiency at all temperatures for solar concentration ratios 1000 ÷ 3000, while at lower concentration ratios and temperatures >1400 ÷ 1600 K, the unetched sample shows the highest efficiency. These results show the promising properties of binary diborides for solar thermal applications.

Barbarossa S., Locci A.M., Cao G., Garroni S., Balbo A., Zanotto F., et al. (2024). Processing and optical behavior of dense (Hf,Zr)B2 solid solutions for solar energy receivers. SOLAR ENERGY MATERIALS AND SOLAR CELLS, 268 [10.1016/j.solmat.2024.112755].

Processing and optical behavior of dense (Hf,Zr)B2 solid solutions for solar energy receivers

Barbarossa S.
Primo
;
2024-01-01

Abstract

While individual borides and, more recently, quinary High Entropy Transition Metal Borides have been investigated, the fabrication and characterization of bulk binary to quaternary solid solutions are barely explored. In this work, dense (Hf0.5Zr0.5)B2 is produced by Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) from powders prepared by Self-propagating High-temperature (SHS). SHS produced a multiphase product, whose secondary phases are fully converted into the desired diborides during the subsequent SPS step. Optical properties of (Hf0.5Zr0.5)B2 are evaluated for the first time with focus on the possible use as novel high-temperature solar thermal absorber, by hemispherical reflectance measurements and calculation of solar absorptance, temperature-dependent spectral selectivity and absorber opto-thermal efficiency at various solar concentration ratios. To optimize the material, a chemically etched surface texture was realized to modify the optical properties. The etched sample showed a higher solar absorptance (0.71) and a lower spectral selectivity than the unetched one, with consequent higher opto-thermal efficiency at all temperatures for solar concentration ratios 1000 ÷ 3000, while at lower concentration ratios and temperatures >1400 ÷ 1600 K, the unetched sample shows the highest efficiency. These results show the promising properties of binary diborides for solar thermal applications.
1-gen-2024
Settore FIS/01 - Fisica Sperimentale
Barbarossa S., Locci A.M., Cao G., Garroni S., Balbo A., Zanotto F., et al. (2024). Processing and optical behavior of dense (Hf,Zr)B2 solid solutions for solar energy receivers. SOLAR ENERGY MATERIALS AND SOLAR CELLS, 268 [10.1016/j.solmat.2024.112755].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/636680
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