Tsunami vulnerability of coastal buildings has gained more and more interest in recent years, in the consciousness of what losses may be caused. The improvement of the available approaches for the quantitative estimation of the probability of building damage and for defining possible strategies for risk mitigation is an actual goal. In this framework, several authors have provided empirical fragility curves based on field surveys after tsunamis. Nevertheless, a predictive approach based on analytical fragility curves, which can be extended to many classes of buildings, is essential for the scopes of civil protection and risk mitigation. In this paper, an approach for the construction of fragility curves, proposed for masonry structures under tsunami waves, is discussed and refined in the part regarding the assignment of the uncertainties. Further, an assessment of the reliability of the lognormal fragility distribution is carried out based on a Monte Carlo simulation applied to 4 classes of buildings. Here, it is shown that Monte Carlo analysis allows a direct evaluation of the uncertainties without the need to resort to ambiguous regression analyses and rules of combination of the uncertainties of demand and capacity based on the regression analysis results or other uncertainty estimation approaches.

Maria Concetta Oddo, Panagiotis G. Asteris, Liborio Cavaleri (2024). Monte Carlo analysis of masonry structures under tsunami action: Reliability of lognormal fragility curves and overall uncertainty prediction. STRUCTURES, 63 [10.1016/j.istruc.2024.106421].

Monte Carlo analysis of masonry structures under tsunami action: Reliability of lognormal fragility curves and overall uncertainty prediction

Maria Concetta Oddo
Primo
;
Liborio Cavaleri
Ultimo
2024-05-01

Abstract

Tsunami vulnerability of coastal buildings has gained more and more interest in recent years, in the consciousness of what losses may be caused. The improvement of the available approaches for the quantitative estimation of the probability of building damage and for defining possible strategies for risk mitigation is an actual goal. In this framework, several authors have provided empirical fragility curves based on field surveys after tsunamis. Nevertheless, a predictive approach based on analytical fragility curves, which can be extended to many classes of buildings, is essential for the scopes of civil protection and risk mitigation. In this paper, an approach for the construction of fragility curves, proposed for masonry structures under tsunami waves, is discussed and refined in the part regarding the assignment of the uncertainties. Further, an assessment of the reliability of the lognormal fragility distribution is carried out based on a Monte Carlo simulation applied to 4 classes of buildings. Here, it is shown that Monte Carlo analysis allows a direct evaluation of the uncertainties without the need to resort to ambiguous regression analyses and rules of combination of the uncertainties of demand and capacity based on the regression analysis results or other uncertainty estimation approaches.
mag-2024
Settore ICAR/09 - Tecnica Delle Costruzioni
Maria Concetta Oddo, Panagiotis G. Asteris, Liborio Cavaleri (2024). Monte Carlo analysis of masonry structures under tsunami action: Reliability of lognormal fragility curves and overall uncertainty prediction. STRUCTURES, 63 [10.1016/j.istruc.2024.106421].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/636173
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