Context. Supernova remnants interacting with molecular and atomic clouds are interesting X-ray sources for studies of broadband nonthermal emission. X-ray line emission in these systems can be produced by different processes, such as low-energy cosmic rays (LECRs) interacting with the cloud and fast ejecta fragments moving in the cloud. Aims. This paper is aimed at studying the origin of the non-thermal X-ray emission of the southwestern limb of SN 1006 beyond the main shock to determine whether the emission is due to LECRs diffusing in the cloud or to ejecta knots moving into the cloud. Methods. We analyzed the X-ray emission of the southwestern limb of SN 1006, where the remnant interacts with an atomic cloud, using three different X-ray telescopes: NuSTAR, Chandra, and XMM-Newton. We also performed a combined spectro-imaging analysis of this region. Results. Our analysis of the nonthermal X-ray emission of the southwestern limb of SN 1006 interacting with an atomic cloud has led to the detection of an extended X-ray source in the atomic cloud, approximately 2 pc upstream of the shock front. The source is characterized by a hard continuum (described by a power law with photon index Γ ∼ 1.4) and by Ne, Si, and Fe emission lines. The observed flux suggests that the origin of the X-ray emission is not associated with LECRs interacting with the cloud. On the other hand, the spectral properties of the source, together with the detection of an IR counterpart visible with Spitzer-MIPS at 24 µm, are in good agreement with the general expectations for a fast ejecta fragment moving within the atomic cloud. Conclusions. We detected X-ray and IR emission from a possible ejecta fragment, with an approximate radius of 1 × 1017 cm and approximate mass of 10−3 M at about 2 pc out of the shell of SN 1006, in the interaction region between the southwestern limb of the remnant and the atomic cloud.

Giuffrida R., Miceli M., Ravikularaman S., Phan V.H.M., Gabici S., Mertsch P., et al. (2024). Indication of a fast ejecta fragment in the atomic cloud interacting with the southwestern limb of SN 1006. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, 684(April 2024) [10.1051/0004-6361/202348257].

Indication of a fast ejecta fragment in the atomic cloud interacting with the southwestern limb of SN 1006

Giuffrida R.
;
Miceli M.;
2024-04-05

Abstract

Context. Supernova remnants interacting with molecular and atomic clouds are interesting X-ray sources for studies of broadband nonthermal emission. X-ray line emission in these systems can be produced by different processes, such as low-energy cosmic rays (LECRs) interacting with the cloud and fast ejecta fragments moving in the cloud. Aims. This paper is aimed at studying the origin of the non-thermal X-ray emission of the southwestern limb of SN 1006 beyond the main shock to determine whether the emission is due to LECRs diffusing in the cloud or to ejecta knots moving into the cloud. Methods. We analyzed the X-ray emission of the southwestern limb of SN 1006, where the remnant interacts with an atomic cloud, using three different X-ray telescopes: NuSTAR, Chandra, and XMM-Newton. We also performed a combined spectro-imaging analysis of this region. Results. Our analysis of the nonthermal X-ray emission of the southwestern limb of SN 1006 interacting with an atomic cloud has led to the detection of an extended X-ray source in the atomic cloud, approximately 2 pc upstream of the shock front. The source is characterized by a hard continuum (described by a power law with photon index Γ ∼ 1.4) and by Ne, Si, and Fe emission lines. The observed flux suggests that the origin of the X-ray emission is not associated with LECRs interacting with the cloud. On the other hand, the spectral properties of the source, together with the detection of an IR counterpart visible with Spitzer-MIPS at 24 µm, are in good agreement with the general expectations for a fast ejecta fragment moving within the atomic cloud. Conclusions. We detected X-ray and IR emission from a possible ejecta fragment, with an approximate radius of 1 × 1017 cm and approximate mass of 10−3 M at about 2 pc out of the shell of SN 1006, in the interaction region between the southwestern limb of the remnant and the atomic cloud.
5-apr-2024
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia E Astrofisica
Giuffrida R., Miceli M., Ravikularaman S., Phan V.H.M., Gabici S., Mertsch P., et al. (2024). Indication of a fast ejecta fragment in the atomic cloud interacting with the southwestern limb of SN 1006. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, 684(April 2024) [10.1051/0004-6361/202348257].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/635455
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