Modern microgrids are systems comprising both Alternative Current (AC) and Direct Current (DC) subgrids, integrated with Distributed Generations (DGs), storage systems, and Electric Vehicles (EVs) parking facilities. Achieving stable and reliable load flow control amidst varying load, generation, and charging/discharging strategies requires a hierarchical control scheme. This paper proposes an hourly power flow (PF) analysis within an Energy Management System (EMS) for AC/DC Hybrid Microgrids interconnected via an Interlinking Converter (IC) in both grid-connected and islanded modes. The framework operates within a two-level hierarchically controlled platform. Tertiary control at the top level optimizes DGs' reference power for generation and consumption, minimizing power purchase costs and load shedding in grid-connected and islanded modes, respectively. DG converters employ current control mode to share their power references as the primary controller. While no secondary controller is adopted in this scheme, the Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) in islanded mode utilizes P/Q droop control to maintain voltage and frequency in the AC subsystem. Power sharing between AC and DC subgrids through IC is determined by the difference between AC grid frequency and DC link voltage. Integration of controlled converters’ buses into PF equations enables solving the unified system using the traditional Newton-Raphson (NR) method. A segment of a real distribution grid planned for installation in Italy under the HYPERRIDE project serves as a case study. Comparison with MATLAB/Simulink results confirms the effectiveness, precision, and convergence speed of the proposed model and control schemes, demonstrating efficient load distribution and voltage/frequency restoration in islanded mode.

Moradi S., Tinajero G.D.A., Vasquez J.C., Zizzo G., Guerrero J.M., Riva Sanseverino E. (2024). Hierarchical-power-flow-based energy management for alternative/direct current hybrid microgrids. SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, GRIDS AND NETWORKS, 38 [10.1016/j.segan.2024.101384].

Hierarchical-power-flow-based energy management for alternative/direct current hybrid microgrids

Moradi S.
;
Zizzo G.;Riva Sanseverino E.
2024-01-01

Abstract

Modern microgrids are systems comprising both Alternative Current (AC) and Direct Current (DC) subgrids, integrated with Distributed Generations (DGs), storage systems, and Electric Vehicles (EVs) parking facilities. Achieving stable and reliable load flow control amidst varying load, generation, and charging/discharging strategies requires a hierarchical control scheme. This paper proposes an hourly power flow (PF) analysis within an Energy Management System (EMS) for AC/DC Hybrid Microgrids interconnected via an Interlinking Converter (IC) in both grid-connected and islanded modes. The framework operates within a two-level hierarchically controlled platform. Tertiary control at the top level optimizes DGs' reference power for generation and consumption, minimizing power purchase costs and load shedding in grid-connected and islanded modes, respectively. DG converters employ current control mode to share their power references as the primary controller. While no secondary controller is adopted in this scheme, the Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) in islanded mode utilizes P/Q droop control to maintain voltage and frequency in the AC subsystem. Power sharing between AC and DC subgrids through IC is determined by the difference between AC grid frequency and DC link voltage. Integration of controlled converters’ buses into PF equations enables solving the unified system using the traditional Newton-Raphson (NR) method. A segment of a real distribution grid planned for installation in Italy under the HYPERRIDE project serves as a case study. Comparison with MATLAB/Simulink results confirms the effectiveness, precision, and convergence speed of the proposed model and control schemes, demonstrating efficient load distribution and voltage/frequency restoration in islanded mode.
2024
Settore ING-IND/33 - Sistemi Elettrici Per L'Energia
Moradi S., Tinajero G.D.A., Vasquez J.C., Zizzo G., Guerrero J.M., Riva Sanseverino E. (2024). Hierarchical-power-flow-based energy management for alternative/direct current hybrid microgrids. SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, GRIDS AND NETWORKS, 38 [10.1016/j.segan.2024.101384].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/635014
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